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dc.contributor.authorWang, K-L
dc.contributor.authorRoobottom, C
dc.contributor.authorSmith, JE
dc.contributor.authorGoodacre, S
dc.contributor.authorOatey, K
dc.contributor.authorO’Brien, R
dc.contributor.authorStorey, RF
dc.contributor.authorCurzen, N
dc.contributor.authorKeating, L
dc.contributor.authorKardos, A
dc.contributor.authorFelmeden, D
dc.contributor.authorThokala, P
dc.contributor.authorMills, NL
dc.contributor.authorNewby, DE
dc.contributor.authorGray, AJ

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Aims</jats:title> <jats:p>To evaluate the potential associations between presentation cardiac troponin and the clinical impact of early computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) in intermediate-risk patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Methods and results</jats:title> <jats:p>In a large multicentre randomized controlled trial of patients with intermediate-risk chest pain due to suspected acute coronary syndrome, early CTCA had no effect on the primary outcome—death or subsequent Type 1 or 4b myocardial infarction—but reduced the rate of invasive coronary angiography. In this pre-specified secondary analysis, cardiovascular testing and clinical outcomes were compared between those with or without cardiac troponin elevation at presentation. Of 1748 patients, 1004 (57%) had an elevated cardiac troponin concentration and 744 (43%) had a normal concentration. Patients with cardiac troponin elevation had a higher Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events score (132 vs. 91; P &amp;lt; 0.001) and were more likely to have obstructive coronary artery disease (59 vs. 33%; P &amp;lt; 0.001), non-invasive (72 vs. 52%; P &amp;lt; 0.001) and invasive (72 vs. 38%; P &amp;lt; 0.001) testing, coronary revascularization (47 vs. 15%; P &amp;lt; 0.001), and the primary outcome (8 vs. 3%; P = 0.007) at 1 year. However, there was no evidence that presentation cardiac troponin was associated with the relative effects of early CTCA on rates of non-invasive (Pinteraction = 0.33) and invasive (Pinteraction = 0.99) testing, coronary revascularization (Pinteraction = 0.57), or the primary outcome (Pinteraction = 0.41).</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title> <jats:p>Presentation cardiac troponin had no demonstrable associations between the effects of early CTCA on reductions in non-invasive and invasive testing, or the lack of effect on coronary revascularization or the primary outcome in intermediate-risk patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome.</jats:p> </jats:sec>

dc.publisherOxford University Press
dc.subjectAcute coronary syndrome
dc.subjectCardiac troponin
dc.subjectComputed tomography coronary angiography
dc.subjectNon-invasive testing
dc.titlePresentation cardiac troponin and early computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome: a pre-specified secondary analysis of the RAPID-CTCA trial
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.typeMulticenter Study
dc.typeRandomized Controlled Trial
plymouth.journalEuropean Heart Journal – Acute CardioVascular Care
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health/Peninsula Medical School
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA01 Clinical Medicine
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA01 Clinical Medicine/UoA01 Clinical Medicine
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review

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