A Review of Network and Computer Analysis of Epileptiform Discharge Free EEG to Characterize and Detect Epilepsy.
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Objectives. There is emerging evidence that network/computer analysis of epileptiform discharge free electroencephalograms (EEGs) can be used to detect epilepsy, improve diagnosis and resource use. Such methods are automated and can be performed on shorter recordings of EEG. We assess the evidence and its strength in the area of seizure detection from network/computer analysis of epileptiform discharge free EEG. Methods. A scoping review using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidance was conducted with a literature search of Embase, Medline and PsychINFO. Predesigned inclusion/exclusion criteria were applied to selected articles. Results. The initial search found 3398 articles. After duplicate removal and screening, 591 abstracts were reviewed, 64 articles were selected and read leading to 20 articles meeting the requisite inclusion/exclusion criteria. These were 9 reports and 2 cross-sectional studies using network analysis to compare and/or classify EEG. One review of 17 reports and 10 cross-sectional studies only aimed to classify the EEGs. One cross-sectional study discussed EEG abnormalities associated with autism. Conclusions. Epileptiform discharge free EEG features derived from network/computer analysis differ significantly between people with and without epilepsy. Diagnostic algorithms report high accuracies and could be clinically useful. There is a lack of such research within the intellectual disability (ID) and/or autism populations, where epilepsy is more prevalent and there are additional diagnostic challenges.
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