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dc.contributor.authorLowenstein, JAS
dc.contributor.authorWright, K
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, A
dc.contributor.authorMoberly, NJ
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-16T15:54:29Z
dc.date.available2018-01-16T15:54:29Z
dc.date.issued2015-10
dc.identifier.issn1755-2966
dc.identifier.issn1878-0199
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/10595
dc.description.abstract

Background This study looked to investigate the interaction between exercise and approach motivation (AM) levels in a non-clinical sample as a first step towards investigating the impact of acute exercise upon hypomanic states within Bipolar Disorder. The Behavioural Activation System (BAS) dysregulation theory proposes that AM levels in individuals with Bipolar Disorder, are hyper-reactive to relevant cues and prone to fluctuation such that excessive levels underpin hypomania/mania. We hypothesise that exercise may interact with high AM levels to further increase AM levels in both the general population and individuals with BD, with this effect being exacerbated in the latter group. As an initial test of this theory we explore the impact of moderate and vigorous exercise and sedentary activity upon AM in an unselected student sample. We also tested the extent to which hypomania vulnerability predicts the impact of exercise. Method Participants were recruited from a University student population. After completing a measure of hypomanic personality traits, 61 participants completed a task designed to induce higher levels of AM before taking part in one of three 15 min activities (sedentary, moderate exercise or vigorous exercise). AM levels as well as variables relevant to hypomanic symptoms were measured prior to and post AM induction, at 5 min intervals during the activities and twice during a recovery period. Results Vigorous exercise significantly increased individuals' AM levels in comparison to moderate or no exercise. No association was found between hypomania vulnerability and exercise impact. Conclusions These results provide a first step in investigating the possible risks associated with engaging in different intensities of exercise during a hypomanic episode. Any recommendations within this study should however be taken in light of the limitations identified. Further research replicating these results with a larger sample and among individuals with Bipolar Disorder is recommended.

dc.format.extent24-34
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subjectBipolar disorder
dc.subjectBehavioural activation system
dc.subjectBehavioural approach system
dc.subjectApproach motivation
dc.subjectExercise
dc.titleAn investigation into the effects of different types of exercise on the maintenance of approach motivation levels
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.webofscience.com/api/gateway?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000366962300004&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=11bb513d99f797142bcfeffcc58ea008
plymouth.volume9
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2015.08.002
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalMental Health and Physical Activity
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.mhpa.2015.08.002
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health/Peninsula Medical School
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plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Plymouth Institute of Health and Care Research (PIHR)
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dc.identifier.eissn1878-0199
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.mhpa.2015.08.002
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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