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dc.contributor.authorWhite, L
dc.contributor.authorFloccia, C
dc.contributor.authorGoslin, J
dc.contributor.authorButler, J
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-18T13:00:59Z
dc.date.available2017-09-18T13:00:59Z
dc.date.issued2014-09
dc.identifier.issn0023-8333
dc.identifier.issn1467-9922
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/9946
dc.description.abstract

<jats:p>Infants in their first year manifest selective patterns of discrimination between languages and between accents of the same language. Prosodic differences are held to be important in whether languages can be discriminated, together with the infant's familiarity with one or both of the accents heard. However, the nature of the prosodic cues that actually facilitate infant discrimination has not been directly examined. We analyzed the accent discrimination of 5‐ and 7‐month‐old British English infants, looking for durational features that could predict a range of discrimination results using the Headturn Preference Procedure. We previously found that both 5‐ and 7‐month‐olds based in Plymouth could discriminate Plymouth‐accented and Welsh‐accented English, while 5‐month‐olds could not discriminate Welsh‐accented and Scottish‐accented English. Most surprisingly, 7‐month‐olds failed to discriminate Plymouth‐accented and French‐accented English. From half of all utterances used in these four experiments, we calculated a range of durational metrics, both globally across utterances and locally at utterance‐final edges. Utterance‐edge metrics were the relative duration of the final consonant+vowel interval (nfinalCV) and the final vowel alone (nfinalV). Separately for 5‐ and 7‐month‐olds, we determined the difference in scores for all durational metrics between: (a) familiar training and novel test utterances and (b) familiar test and novel test utterances. Regression analyses showed unique predictors of discrimination. For 5‐month‐olds, the predictor was the difference in nfinalCV between familiar training and novel test utterances. For 7‐month‐olds, the predictor was the difference in finalV between familiar test and novel test utterances. This demonstrates an early sensitivity to precisely those localized timing features that are useful across languages for segmentation. We therefore predict that similar sensitivity should be shown in infants of other language backgrounds.</jats:p>

dc.format.extent27-44
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherWiley
dc.subjectinfant speech perception
dc.subjectaccent discrimination
dc.subjectprosody
dc.subjectfinal lengthening
dc.titleUtterance-Final Lengthening Is Predictive of Infants' Discrimination of English Accents
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000341150000004&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=11bb513d99f797142bcfeffcc58ea008
plymouth.issues2
plymouth.volume64
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lang.12060
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalLanguage Learning
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/lang.12060
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health/School of Psychology
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience MANUAL
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience/UoA04 REF peer reviewers
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)/Brain
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)/Cognition
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Plymouth Institute of Health and Care Research (PIHR)
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dcterms.dateAccepted2014-04-14
dc.identifier.eissn1467-9922
dc.rights.embargoperiodNo embargo
rioxxterms.funderEconomic and Social Research Council
rioxxterms.identifier.projectPhonological representations in bidialectal listeners
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1111/lang.12060
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2014-09
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
plymouth.funderPhonological representations in bidialectal listeners::Economic and Social Research Council


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