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dc.contributor.authorMaes, Een
dc.contributor.authorDe Filippo, Gen
dc.contributor.authorInkster, ABen
dc.contributor.authorLea, SEGen
dc.contributor.authorDe Houwer, Jen
dc.contributor.authorD'Hooge, Ren
dc.contributor.authorBeckers, Ten
dc.contributor.authorWills, AJen
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-04T12:53:12Z
dc.date.available2016-01-04T12:53:12Z
dc.date.issued2015-11en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/4155
dc.description.abstract

Humans can spontaneously create rules that allow them to efficiently generalize what they have learned to novel situations. An enduring question is whether rule-based generalization is uniquely human or whether other animals can also abstract rules and apply them to novel situations. In recent years, there have been a number of high-profile claims that animals such as rats can learn rules. Most of those claims are quite weak because it is possible to demonstrate that simple associative systems (which do not learn rules) can account for the behavior in those tasks. Using a procedure that allows us to clearly distinguish feature-based from rule-based generalization (the Shanks-Darby procedure), we demonstrate that adult humans show rule-based generalization in this task, while generalization in rats and pigeons was based on featural overlap between stimuli. In brief, when learning that a stimulus made of two components ("AB") predicts a different outcome than its elements ("A" and "B"), people spontaneously abstract an opposites rule and apply it to new stimuli (e.g., knowing that "C" and "D" predict one outcome, they will predict that "CD" predicts the opposite outcome). Rats and pigeons show the reverse behavior-they generalize what they have learned, but on the basis of similarity (e.g., "CD" is similar to "C" and "D", so the same outcome is predicted for the compound stimulus as for the components). Genuinely rule-based behavior is observed in humans, but not in rats and pigeons, in the current procedure.

en
dc.format.extent1267 - 1284en
dc.languageengen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.subjectAssociative modelsen
dc.subjectGeneralizationen
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectPigeonsen
dc.subjectRatsen
dc.subjectRule-baseden
dc.subjectAnimalsen
dc.subjectAssociation Learningen
dc.subjectColumbidaeen
dc.subjectDiscrimination Learningen
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectGeneralization (Psychology)en
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectPattern Recognition, Visualen
dc.subjectRatsen
dc.subjectRats, Sprague-Dawleyen
dc.subjectYoung Adulten
dc.titleFeature- versus rule-based generalization in rats, pigeons and humans.en
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26188712en
plymouth.issue6en
plymouth.volume18en
plymouth.publication-statusPublisheden
plymouth.journalAnim Cognen
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10071-015-0895-8en
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role/Post-Graduate Research Students
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health and Human Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health and Human Sciences/School of Psychology
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Institute of Health and Community
dc.publisher.placeGermanyen
dcterms.dateAccepted2015-06-28en
dc.identifier.eissn1435-9456en
dc.rights.embargoperiodNo embargoen
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s10071-015-0895-8en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2015-11en
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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