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dc.contributor.authorTorres-Marín, Jorge
dc.contributor.authorNavarro-Carrillo, Ginés
dc.contributor.authorBustos Ortega, María Gabriela
dc.contributor.authorHeintz, Sonja
dc.contributor.authorCarretero Dios, Hugo

The Comic Style Markers (CSM) is a questionnaire that allows a fine-grained description of how people differ in the way they display humor in their daily lives. It includes 48 statements capturing eight interrelated, yet distinct comic styles: fun, irony, wit, sarcasm, benevolent humor, satire, nonsense humor, and cynicism. Despite the independent conceptual roots of these humorous domains, the analysis of the CSM scales' latent structure shows that their empirical distinction needs to be improved. Using the information derived from a competitive latent approach, including confirmatory factor analysis, bifactor analysis, and exploratory structural equation modeling, we proposed and validated a shorter 24-item version of the CSM in a large sample of 925 Spanish individuals (SP-CSM-24). This scale-refinement improved the psychometric differentiation of the eight comic styles without undermining the good internal consistency and the temporal stability of the CSM scores. Strong invariance was held for gender and age groups, and partial scalar invariance for countries also emerged using a sample of 318 U.S. American adults. Structural equation modeling also corroborated a convincing test-criterion validity for the SP-CSM-24, with dispositional expressions of benevolent humor (positively) and cynicism (negatively) outperforming other comic styles in accounting for individuals' well-being.

dc.publisherInforma UK Limited
dc.titleCompetitive Latent Structures for the Comic Style Markers: Developing a Psychometrically Sound Short Version Using Spanish and US American Samples
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.publication-statusPublished online
plymouth.journalJournal of Personality Assessment
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|Faculty of Health
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|Faculty of Health|School of Psychology
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|Users by role|Academics
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|REF 2021 Researchers by UoA|UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|REF 2021 Researchers by UoA|UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience|UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience MANUAL
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|Research Groups|Plymouth Institute of Health and Care Research (PIHR)
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|REF 2028 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group|Plymouth|REF 2028 Researchers by UoA|UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience

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