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dc.contributor.authorBacon, AM
dc.contributor.authorKrupić, D
dc.contributor.authorCaki, N
dc.contributor.authorCorr, PJ
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-05T09:39:52Z
dc.date.issued2022-10
dc.identifier.issn0705-5870
dc.identifier.issn1878-531X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/17391
dc.description.abstract

This review appraises evidence for the role of personality in Covid-19 related emotions and behaviours. Three key models of personality are considered: the Five factor Model, HEXACO model and Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory. In line with personality research more generally, most studies focus on the Five-Factor model. Key findings are that neuroticism is most associated with poor mental health, and extraversion is associated with a reluctance to socially isolate. Conscientiousness predicts compliance with safety guidelines, but also with fewer prosocial behaviours, particularly stockpiling. Research within the HEXACO framework largely confirms these findings, especially for emotionality and mental health. The additional HEXACO Honesty-humility factor is found to be associated with prosocial views and abstention from panic buying. Studies based on the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of personality indicate the presence of emotional conflict as people wish to stay safe, whilst also maintaining a sense of normality. Behavioural compliance is driven by activation in the Fight-Flight-Freeze System (FFFS; fear-related) and the Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS; anxiety-related). The Behavioural Approach System (BAS) is implicated in approach-driven behaviours such as avoiding infection. These findings have implications for health communications and post-pandemic support.

dc.format.extent334-347
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherHogrefe
dc.subjectReinforcement Sensitivity Theory
dc.subjectFive-Factor model
dc.subjectHEXACO
dc.subjectCOVID-19
dc.subjectmental health
dc.titleEmotional and Behavioural responses to Covid-19: Explanations from Three Key Models of Personality
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.webofscience.com/api/gateway?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000738933600008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=11bb513d99f797142bcfeffcc58ea008
plymouth.issue4
plymouth.volume26
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040/a000461
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalEuropean Psychologist
dc.identifier.doi10.1027/1016-9040/a000461
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health/School of Psychology
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience/UoA04 REF peer reviewers
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)/Behaviour
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Plymouth Institute of Health and Care Research (PIHR)
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-08-04
dc.rights.embargodate2022-1-8
dc.identifier.eissn1878-531X
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1027/1016-9040/a000461
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2022-10
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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