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dc.contributor.authorEllis, RP
dc.contributor.authorDavison, W
dc.contributor.authorQueirós, AM
dc.contributor.authorKroeker, KJ
dc.contributor.authorCalosi, P
dc.contributor.authorDupont, S
dc.contributor.authorSpicer, JI
dc.contributor.authorWilson, RW
dc.contributor.authorWiddicombe, S
dc.contributor.authorUrbina, MA
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-10T09:30:20Z
dc.date.available2018-09-10T09:30:20Z
dc.date.issued2017-02
dc.identifier.issn1744-9561
dc.identifier.issn1744-957X
dc.identifier.other20160761
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/12289
dc.description.abstract

<jats:p> Ocean acidification (OA) poses a major threat to marine ecosystems globally, having significant ecological and economic importance. The number and complexity of experiments examining the effects of OA has substantially increased over the past decade, in an attempt to address multi-stressor interactions and long-term responses in an increasing range of aquatic organisms. However, differences in the response of males and females to elevated <jats:italic>p</jats:italic> CO <jats:sub>2</jats:sub> have been investigated in fewer than 4% of studies to date, often being precluded by the difficulty of determining sex non-destructively, particularly in early life stages. Here we highlight that sex can significantly impact organism responses to OA, differentially affecting physiology, reproduction, biochemistry and ultimately survival. What is more, these impacts do not always conform to ecological theory based on differential resource allocation towards reproduction, which would predict females to be more sensitive to OA owing to the higher production cost of eggs compared with sperm. Therefore, non-sex-specific studies may overlook subtle but ecologically significant differences in the responses of males and females to OA, with consequences for forecasting the fate of natural populations in a near-future ocean. </jats:p>

dc.format.extent0-0
dc.format.mediumPrint
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherThe Royal Society
dc.subjectcarbon dioxide
dc.subjectclimate change
dc.subjectgender
dc.subjectsystematic map
dc.subjectindividual variation
dc.subjecthermaphroditism
dc.titleDoes sex really matter? Explaining intraspecies variation in ocean acidification responses
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28148830
plymouth.issue2
plymouth.volume13
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalBiology Letters
dc.identifier.doi10.1098/rsbl.2016.0761
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Biological and Marine Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA07 Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dc.publisher.placeEngland
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-12-20
dc.identifier.eissn1744-957X
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1098/rsbl.2016.0761
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-02
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
plymouth.funderIntegrating Macroecology and Modelling to Elucidate Regulation of Services from Ecosystems (IMMERSE)::NERC


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