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dc.contributor.authorTurner, A
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-24T14:24:31Z
dc.date.available2016-08-24T14:24:31Z
dc.date.issued2016-10-15
dc.identifier.issn0025-326X
dc.identifier.issn1879-3363
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/5368
dc.description.abstract

Plastics, foams and ropes collected from beaches in SW England have been analysed for As, Ba, Br, Cd, Cl, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn and Zn by field-portable-x-ray fluorescence spectrometry. High concentrations of Cl in foams that were not PVC-based were attributed to the presence of chlorinated flame retardants. Likewise, high concentrations of Br among both foams and plastics were attributed to the presence of brominated flame retardants. Regarding heavy metals and metalloids, Cd and Pb were of greatest concern from an environmental perspective. Lead was encountered in plastics, foams and ropes and up to concentrations of 17,500μgg(-1) due to its historical use in stabilisers, colourants and catalysts in the plastics industry. Detectable Cd was restricted to plastics, where its concentration often exceeded 1000μgg(-1); its occurrence is attributed to the use of both Cd-based stabilisers and colourants in a variety of products.

dc.format.extent136-142
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subjectMarine plastic
dc.subjectFP-XRF
dc.subjectRopes
dc.subjectFoams
dc.subjectHeavy metals
dc.subjectFlame retardants
dc.titleHeavy metals, metalloids and other hazardous elements in marine plastic litter
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27452160
plymouth.issue1-2
plymouth.volume111
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.07.020
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalMarine Pollution Bulletin
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.07.020
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA07 Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/BEACh
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dc.publisher.placeEngland
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-07-14
dc.rights.embargodate2017-7-22
dc.identifier.eissn1879-3363
dc.rights.embargoperiod12 months
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.07.020
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-10-15
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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