Metal accumulation kinetics by the estuarine macroalga, Fucusceranoides
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The kinetics of Cu, Cd and Pb accumulation by the macroalga, Fucus ceranoides, was studied under simulated estuarine conditions. Accumulation of Cu and Pb proceeded via a pseudo-first-order reaction that was reversible, suggesting desorption or efflux of accumulated metal, with forward rate constants on the order of 0.1h-1. For both metals, reaction reversibility increased and the equilibrium constant decreased with increasing salinity (from 1 to 33.5) and system response times were <10h throughout. Accumulation of Cd proceeded via a first-order reaction that was irreversible, suggesting little desorption or efflux of metal, with rate constants that decreased with increasing salinity (from 0.023 to 0.015h-1) and reaction half-lives ranging from approximately 30-50h. Inorganic equilibrium speciation calculations suggest that interactions of Cu, Cd and Pb principally involve the respective free ions, but that additional ions (e.g. CdCl+) and biotic processes may also be significant. •Accumulation of Cu, Cd and Pb by the estuarine macroalga, Fucus ceranoides, decreases along a salinity gradient.•Accumulation of Cu and Pb proceeds via a reversible pseudo-first-order reaction.•In contrast, accumulation of Cd proceeds via an irreversible first-order reaction.•Differences in reaction mechanisms are attributed to differences in the ability of metals to be internalised. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
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