The impact of a wave farm on large scale sediment transport
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This study investigates the interactions of waves and tides at a wave farm in the southwest of England, in particular their effects on radiation stress, bottom stress, and consequently on the sediment transport and the coast adjacent to the wave-farm (the Wave Hub). In this study, an integrated complex numerical modelling system is setup at the Wave Hub site and is used to compute the wave and current fields by taking into account the wave-current interaction, as well as the sediment transport. Results show that tidal elevation and tidal currents have a significant effect on the wave height and direction predictions; tidal forcing and wind waves have a significant effect on the bed shear-stress, relevant to sediment transport; waves via radiation stresses have an important effect on the longshore and cross-shore velocity components, particularly during the spring tides. Waves can impact on bottom boundary layer and mixing in the water column. The results highlight the importance of the interactions between waves and tides when modelling coastal morphology with presence of wave energy devices.
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