The reality of advanced airway management during out of hospital cardiac arrest; why did paramedics deviate from their allocated airway management strategy during the AIRWAYS-2 randomised trial?
BACKGROUND: AIRWAYS-2 was a large multi-centre cluster randomised controlled trial investigating the effect on functional outcome of a supraglottic airway device (i-gel) versus tracheal intubation (TI) as the initial advanced airway during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We aimed to understand why paramedics deviated from their allocated airway management algorithm during AIRWAYS-2. METHODS: This study employed a pragmatic sequential explanatory design utilising retrospective study data collected during the AIRWAYS-2 trial. Airway algorithm deviation data were analysed to categorise and quantify the reasons why paramedics did not follow their allocated strategy of airway management during AIRWAYS-2. Recorded free text entries provided additional context to the paramedic decision-making related to each category identified. RESULTS: In 680 (11.7%) of 5800 patients the study paramedic did not follow their allocated airway management algorithm. There was a higher percentage of deviations in the TI group (399/2707; 14.7%) compared to the i-gel group (281/3088; 9.1%). The predominant reason for a paramedic not following their allocated airway management strategy was airway obstruction, occurring more commonly in the i-gel group (109/281; 38.7%) versus (50/399; 12.5%) in the TI group. CONCLUSION: There was a higher proportion of deviations from the allocated airway management algorithm in the TI group (399; 14.7%) compared to the i-gel group (281; 9.1%). The most frequent reason for deviating from the allocated airway management algorithm in AIRWAYS-2 was obstruction of the patient's airway by fluid. This occurred in both groups of the AIRWAYS-2 trial, but was more frequent in the i-gel group.
|dc.subject||advanced life support|
|dc.subject||emergency medical services|
|dc.subject||out-of-hospital cardiac arrest|
|dc.title||The reality of advanced airway management during out of hospital cardiac arrest; why did paramedics deviate from their allocated airway management strategy during the AIRWAYS-2 randomised trial?|
|plymouth.organisational-group||/Plymouth/Faculty of Health|
|plymouth.organisational-group||/Plymouth/Faculty of Health/School of Health Professions|
|plymouth.organisational-group||/Plymouth/Research Groups/Plymouth Institute of Health and Care Research (PIHR)|
|plymouth.organisational-group||/Plymouth/Users by role|
|plymouth.organisational-group||/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics|
|plymouth.organisational-group||/Plymouth/Users by role/Post-Graduate Research Students|