Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorRaby, A
dc.contributor.authorBullock, G
dc.contributor.authorJonathan, P
dc.contributor.authorRandell, D
dc.contributor.authorWhittaker, C

The variability of the largest wave impacts, where nominally identical waves produce significantly different pressures, is widely known. However, the mechanisms are not well understood. Here we provide a review and investigation of factors affecting the variability of wave impact pressures on steep walls, quantifying the range of parameters that have been used in the literature. We then present two investigations: (i) Setup 1 on the effect of structure slope and (ii) Setup 2 on the effects of kinematics variability on pressure variability. Firstly, wave impacts arising from about 250 focused wave groups interacting with three values of wall steepness (vertical, 10° to the vertical, and 27° to the vertical) showed that steeper walls resulted in larger impact loads, the largest of which were experienced higher up the wall. The maximum pressure data was seen to be a good fit to the Gumbel model for the vertical wall but closer to the log-Normal distribution for the 10° wall. Parameter estimates for those distributions revealed a systematic variation which could potentially be used to predict maximum impact pressures at intermediate wall angles and locations. The pressure wave arising from the impact was seen to be of highly variable speed, for the 10° wall it was estimated to be about 10 m/s at the 1:25 model scale, decreasing for the 27° wall. In the second investigation, which provided kinematics data using particle tracking velocimetry, rapidly varying velocities close to the impact location were observed, with maximum values at impact being a reasonable fit to the Weibull distribution. Findings indicate that though the water surface may appear to be calm, residual sub-surface velocities undoubtedly play some role in the variability of the subsequent wave impact pressures.

dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subject4015 Maritime Engineering
dc.subject40 Engineering
dc.titleOn wave impact pressure variability
plymouth.journalCoastal Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Admin Group - REF
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Admin Group - REF/REF Admin Group - FoSE
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA12 Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Researchers in ResearchFish submission
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

All items in PEARL are protected by copyright law.
Author manuscripts deposited to comply with open access mandates are made available in accordance with publisher policies. Please cite only the published version using the details provided on the item record or document. In the absence of an open licence (e.g. Creative Commons), permissions for further reuse of content should be sought from the publisher or author.
Theme by 
Atmire NV