Copper IUD continuation, unwanted effects and cost consequences at 1 year in users aged under 30 – a secondary analysis of the EURAS-IUD study
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OBJECTIVE: To conduct a secondary analysis of continuation, unwanted effects and cost consequences at 1 year in copper intrauterine device (IUD) users aged under 30 in the European Active Surveillance Study for Intrauterine Devices (EURAS-IUD study) based on IUD type. METHODS: Descriptive and comparative analyses of copper IUD continuation, unwanted effects and estimated cost consequences at 1 year were performed in users aged under 30 based on IUD copper surface area, shape or design, width and arms' flexibility. RESULTS: 5796 copper IUD users were identified to have been aged under 30 at EURAS-IUD study recruitment and data for 5762 users (99.4%) was analysed. Higher IUD continuation, fewer unwanted effects and lower costs were observed with IUDs of the lowest copper content (<300mm2), horse-shoe frame design, widths 18 mm to <30mm and flexible IUD arms. Discontinuation, unwanted effects and costs were greater with frameless IUDs and framed, ≥30mm width IUDs with 380mm2 of copper and copper bands on their rigid transverse IUD arms. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences in continuation, reported unwanted effects and estimated costs at 1 year between IUD types were observed in users aged under 30. Although further research is needed, clinicians should consider these findings when counselling and choosing IUD types for younger women.
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