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dc.contributor.authorHowell, KLen
dc.contributor.authorHilário, Aen
dc.contributor.authorAllcock, ALen
dc.contributor.authorBailey, DMen
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Men
dc.contributor.authorClark, MRen
dc.contributor.authorColaço, Aen
dc.contributor.authorCopley, Jen
dc.contributor.authorCordes, EEen
dc.contributor.authorDanovaro, Ren
dc.contributor.authorDissanayake, Aen
dc.contributor.authorEscobar, Een
dc.contributor.authorEsquete, Pen
dc.contributor.authorGallagher, AJen
dc.contributor.authorGates, ARen
dc.contributor.authorGaudron, SMen
dc.contributor.authorGerman, CRen
dc.contributor.authorGjerde, KMen
dc.contributor.authorHiggs, NDen
dc.contributor.authorLe Bris, Nen
dc.contributor.authorLevin, LAen
dc.contributor.authorManea, Een
dc.contributor.authorMcClain, Cen
dc.contributor.authorMenot, Len
dc.contributor.authorMestre, NCen
dc.contributor.authorMetaxas, Aen
dc.contributor.authorMilligan, RJen
dc.contributor.authorMuthumbi, AWNen
dc.contributor.authorNarayanaswamy, BEen
dc.contributor.authorRamalho, SPen
dc.contributor.authorRamirez-Llodra, Een
dc.contributor.authorRobson, LMen
dc.contributor.authorRogers, ADen
dc.contributor.authorSellanes, Jen
dc.contributor.authorSigwart, JDen
dc.contributor.authorSink, Ken
dc.contributor.authorSnelgrove, PVRen
dc.contributor.authorStefanoudis, PVen
dc.contributor.authorSumida, PYen
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, MLen
dc.contributor.authorThurber, ARen
dc.contributor.authorVieira, RPen
dc.contributor.authorWatanabe, HKen
dc.contributor.authorWoodall, LCen
dc.contributor.authorXavier, JRen

<jats:p>The ocean plays a crucial role in the functioning of the Earth System and in the provision of vital goods and services. The United Nations (UN) declared 2021–2030 as the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. The Roadmap for the Ocean Decade aims to achieve six critical societal outcomes (SOs) by 2030, through the pursuit of four objectives (Os). It specifically recognizes the scarcity of biological data for deep-sea biomes, and challenges the global scientific community to conduct research to advance understanding of deep-sea ecosystems to inform sustainable management. In this paper, we map four key scientific questions identified by the academic community to the Ocean Decade SOs: (i) What is the diversity of life in the deep ocean? (ii) How are populations and habitats connected? (iii) What is the role of living organisms in ecosystem function and service provision? and (iv) How do species, communities, and ecosystems respond to disturbance? We then consider the design of a global-scale program to address these questions by reviewing key drivers of ecological pattern and process. We recommend using the following criteria to stratify a global survey design: biogeographic region, depth, horizontal distance, substrate type, high and low climate hazard, fished/unfished, near/far from sources of pollution, licensed/protected from industry activities. We consider both spatial and temporal surveys, and emphasize new biological data collection that prioritizes southern and polar latitudes, deeper (&amp;gt; 2000 m) depths, and midwater environments. We provide guidance on observational, experimental, and monitoring needs for different benthic and pelagic ecosystems. We then review recent efforts to standardize biological data and specimen collection and archiving, making “sampling design to knowledge application” recommendations in the context of a new global program. We also review and comment on needs, and recommend actions, to develop capacity in deep-sea research; and the role of inclusivity - from accessing indigenous and local knowledge to the sharing of technologies - as part of such a global program. We discuss the concept of a new global deep-sea biological research program ‘<jats:italic>Challenger 150</jats:italic>,’ highlighting what it could deliver for the Ocean Decade and UN Sustainable Development Goal 14.</jats:p>

dc.publisherFrontiers Media SAen
dc.titleA Blueprint for an Inclusive, Global Deep-Sea Ocean Decade Field Programen
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.journalFrontiers in Marine Scienceen
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Biological and Marine Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA07 Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen

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