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dc.contributor.authorStephens, Len
dc.contributor.authorFuller, Den
dc.contributor.authorBoivin, Nen
dc.contributor.authorRick, Ten
dc.contributor.authorGauthier, Nen
dc.contributor.authorKay, Aen
dc.contributor.authorMarwick, Ben
dc.contributor.authorArmstrong, CGen
dc.contributor.authorBarton, CMen
dc.contributor.authorDenham, Ten
dc.contributor.authorDouglass, Ken
dc.contributor.authorDriver, Jen
dc.contributor.authorJanz, Len
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Pen
dc.contributor.authorRogers, JDen
dc.contributor.authorThakar, Hen
dc.contributor.authorAltaweel, Men
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, ALen
dc.contributor.authorSampietro Vattuone, MMen
dc.contributor.authorAldenderfer, Men
dc.contributor.authorArchila, Sen
dc.contributor.authorArtioli, Gen
dc.contributor.authorBale, MTen
dc.contributor.authorBeach, Ten
dc.contributor.authorBorrell, Fen
dc.contributor.authorBraje, Ten
dc.contributor.authorBuckland, PIen
dc.contributor.authorJiménez Cano, NGen
dc.contributor.authorCapriles, JMen
dc.contributor.authorDiez Castillo, Aen
dc.contributor.authorÇilingiroğlu, Çen
dc.contributor.authorNegus Cleary, Men
dc.contributor.authorConolly, Jen
dc.contributor.authorCoutros, PRen
dc.contributor.authorCovey, RAen
dc.contributor.authorCremaschi, Men
dc.contributor.authorCrowther, Aen
dc.contributor.authorDer, Len
dc.contributor.authordi Lernia, Sen
dc.contributor.authorDoershuk, JFen
dc.contributor.authorDoolittle, WEen
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, KJen
dc.contributor.authorErlandson, JMen
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Den
dc.contributor.authorFairbairn, Aen
dc.contributor.authorFaulkner, Pen
dc.contributor.authorFeinman, Gen
dc.contributor.authorFernandes, Ren
dc.contributor.authorFitzpatrick, SMen
dc.contributor.authorFyfe, Ren
dc.contributor.authorGarcea, Een
dc.contributor.authorGoldstein, Sen
dc.contributor.authorGoodman, RCen
dc.contributor.authorDalpoim Guedes, Jen
dc.contributor.authorHerrmann, Jen
dc.contributor.authorHiscock, Pen
dc.contributor.authorHommel, Pen
dc.contributor.authorHorsburgh, KAen
dc.contributor.authorHritz, Cen
dc.contributor.authorIves, JWen
dc.contributor.authorJunno, Aen
dc.contributor.authorKahn, JGen
dc.contributor.authorKaufman, Ben
dc.contributor.authorKearns, Cen
dc.contributor.authorKidder, TRen
dc.contributor.authorLanoë, Fen
dc.contributor.authorLawrence, Den
dc.contributor.authorLee, G-Aen
dc.contributor.authorLevin, MJen
dc.contributor.authorLindskoug, HBen
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Sáez, JAen
dc.contributor.authorMacrae, Sen
dc.contributor.authorMarchant, Ren
dc.contributor.authorMarston, JMen
dc.contributor.authorMcClure, Sen
dc.contributor.authorMcCoy, MDen
dc.contributor.authorMiller, AVen
dc.contributor.authorMorrison, Men
dc.contributor.authorMotuzaite Matuzeviciute, Gen
dc.contributor.authorMüller, Jen
dc.contributor.authorNayak, Aen
dc.contributor.authorNoerwidi, Sen
dc.contributor.authorPeres, TMen
dc.contributor.authorPeterson, CEen
dc.contributor.authorProctor, Len
dc.contributor.authorRandall, ARen
dc.contributor.authorRenette, Sen
dc.contributor.authorRobbins Schug, Gen
dc.contributor.authorRyzewski, Ken
dc.contributor.authorSaini, Ren
dc.contributor.authorScheinsohn, Ven
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Pen
dc.contributor.authorSebillaud, Pen
dc.contributor.authorSeitsonen, Oen
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, IAen
dc.contributor.authorSołtysiak, Aen
dc.contributor.authorSpeakman, RJen
dc.contributor.authorSpengler, RNen
dc.contributor.authorSteffen, MLen
dc.contributor.authorStorozum, MJen
dc.contributor.authorStrickland, KMen
dc.contributor.authorThompson, Jen
dc.contributor.authorThurston, TLen
dc.contributor.authorUlm, Sen
dc.contributor.authorUstunkaya, MCen
dc.contributor.authorWelker, MHen
dc.contributor.authorWest, Cen
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, PRen
dc.contributor.authorWright, DKen
dc.contributor.authorWright, Nen
dc.contributor.authorZahir, Men
dc.contributor.authorZerboni, Aen
dc.contributor.authorBeaudoin, Een
dc.contributor.authorMunevar Garcia, Sen
dc.contributor.authorPowell, Jen
dc.contributor.authorThornton, Aen
dc.contributor.authorKaplan, JOen
dc.contributor.authorGaillard, M-Jen
dc.contributor.authorKlein Goldewijk, Ken
dc.contributor.authorEllis, Een
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-09T21:34:43Z
dc.date.issued2019-08-30en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/14903
dc.description.abstract

Environmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth's transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon.

en
dc.format.extent897 - 902en
dc.languageengen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.titleArchaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use.en
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31467217en
plymouth.issue6456en
plymouth.volume365en
plymouth.publication-statusPublisheden
plymouth.journalScienceen
dc.identifier.doi10.1126/science.aax1192en
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA14 Geography and Environmental Studies
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Research in Environment and Society (CeRES)
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-07-29en
dc.rights.embargodate9999-12-31
dc.identifier.eissn1095-9203en
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1126/science.aax1192en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-08-30en
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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