ORCID

Abstract

Runx2 is a major regulator of osteoblast differentiation and function; however, the role of Runx2 in peripheral nerve repair is unclear. Here, we analyzed Runx2 expression following injury and found that it was specifically up-regulated in Schwann cells. Furthermore, using Schwann cell-specific Runx2 knockout mice, we studied peripheral nerve development and regeneration and found that multiple steps in the regeneration process following sciatic nerve injury were Runx2-dependent. Changes observed in Runx2 knockout mice include increased proliferation of Schwann cells, impaired Schwann cell migration and axonal regrowth, reduced re-myelination of axons, and a block in macrophage clearance in the late stage of regeneration. Taken together, our findings indicate that Runx2 is a key regulator of Schwann cell plasticity, and therefore peripheral nerve repair. Thus, our study shows that Runx2 plays a major role in Schwann cell migration, re-myelination, and peripheral nerve functional recovery following injury.

DOI

10.4103/1673-5374.387977

Publication Date

2023-09-23

Publication Title

Neural Regeneration Research

Volume

19

Issue

7

First Page

1575

Last Page

1583

ISSN

1673-5374

Embargo Period

2024-02-01

Organisational Unit

School of Biomedical Sciences

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