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The Plymouth Student Scientist

Document Type

Biomedical and Healthcare Sciences Articles

Abstract

Increasing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) among human pathogenic bacteria demands urgent efforts to uncover novel natural products for developing new antibiotic drugs. Since terrestrial sources of natural products are overmined, attention in biodiscovery is shifting towards marine microbial ecosystems which are subject to unique environmental stressors. Resulting metabolic adaptations provide potential for potent antibacterial compounds. Thus, the microbiomes of seagrass components in Zostera marina, and the activity of culturable isolates against human pathogens, were explored in this study. The sample site used was in the Yealm Estuary, Southwest England, a location previously unexplored in this context. Seagrass leaves at 20cm and 50cm depths, and root-associated sediment, were collected and plated on selective and non-selective media. DNA was extracted from shallow depth leaves and sediment and purified for 16S amplicon surveying. A total of 207 isolates were subcultured and antibacterial activity of pure colonies was tested. In simultaneous antagonism tests, 26 isolates inhibited Staphylococcus aureus, and 41 inhibited Escherichia coli, with sediment-derived isolates having the most overall activity. In addition, the sediment microbiome had higher alpha diversity indices, and highest operational taxonomic units (OTUs) of genera Bacillus and Sporosarcina, which is consistent with findings in other studies. Predominant genera in the seagrass leaf from 20cm depth were Marinomonas, Colwellia, and Winogradskyella. This study revealed Zostera marina plants in Southwest England to be a rich source of bacteria, including actinobacteria, with potent secondary metabolites which demonstrates the value in exploring new environments for bioactive molecules with pharmaceutical potential.

Publication Date

2023-12-22

Publication Title

The Plymouth Student Scientist

Volume

16

Issue

2

First Page

132

Last Page

156

ISSN

1754-2383

Deposit Date

December 2023

Embargo Period

2024-07-08

URI

https://pearl.plymouth.ac.uk/handle/10026.1/21843

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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