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The Plymouth Student Scientist

Document Type

Psychology Article

Abstract

Robots are becoming more prevalently used in industry and society. However, in order to ensure effective use of the trust, must be calibrated correctly. Anthropomorphism is one factors which is important in trust in robots (Hancock et al., 2011). Questionnaires and investment games have been used to investigate the impact of anthropomorphism on trust, however, these methods have led to disparate findings. Neurophysiological methods have also been used as an implicit measure of trust. Feedback related negativity (FRN) and P300 are event related potential (ERP) components which have been associated with processes involved in trust such as outcome evaluation. This study uses the trust game (Berg et al., 1995), along with questionnaires and ERP data to investigate trust and expectations towards three agents varying in anthropomorphism, a human, an anthropomorphic robot, and a computer. The behavioural and self-reported findings suggest that the human is perceived as the most trustworthy and there is no difference between the robot and the computer. The ERP data revealed a robot driven difference in FRN and P300 activation, which suggests that robots violated expectations more so than a human or a computer. The present findings are explained in terms of the perfect automation schema and trustworthiness and dominance perceptions. Future research into the impact of voice pitch on dominance and trustworthiness and the impact of trust violations is suggested in order to gain a more holistic picture of the impact of anthropomorphism on trust.

Publication Date

2023-12-22

Publication Title

The Plymouth Student Scientist

Volume

16

Issue

2

First Page

347

Last Page

376

ISSN

1754-2383

Deposit Date

December 2023

Embargo Period

2024-07-08

URI

https://pearl.plymouth.ac.uk/handle/10026.1/21834

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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