ORCID

Abstract

An increase in the complexity of systems onboard ships in the last decade has seen a rise in the number of reported maritime cyber-attacks. To tackle this rising risk the International Maritime Organization published high-level requirements for cyber risk management in 2017. These requirements obligate organisations to establish procedures, like incident response plans, to manage cyber-incidents. However, there is currently no standardised framework for this implementation. This paper proposes a Cyber Emergency Response Procedure (CERP), that provides a framework for organisations to better facilitate their crew’s response to a cyber-incident that is considerate of their operational environment. Based on an operations flowchart, the CERP provides a step-by-step procedure that guides a crew’s decision-making process in the face of a cyber-incident. This high-level framework provides a blueprint for organisations to develop their own cyber-incident response procedures that are considerate of operational constraints, existing incident procedures and the complexity of modern maritime systems.

DOI

10.12716/1001.17.02.02

Publication Date

2023-04-25

Publication Title

TransNav: International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation

Volume

17

Issue

2

ISSN

2083-6481

Embargo Period

2023-07-05

Organisational Unit

School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics

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