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Abstract

A mechanical theory is described for a phenomenon in the surgical procedure of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA). In this procedure a balloon is pushed into the aorta by a catheter and then inflated in order to stop haemorrhage. One of the hazards of this procedure is the tendency for the balloon to migrate away from its intended position. This work examines the mechanics of balloon anchoring and migration by analysing the effects of pressure waves, the sheet flow and solid friction in the thin gap between the walls of the aorta and balloon. A viscoelastic model is adopted for the aorta wall for pressure waves between the left ventricle and the balloon. The lubrication approximation is used for blood flow in the thin gap between the walls of the balloon and aorta. Samples of quantitative predictions are discussed on how the inflation pressure and balloon characteristics affect the balloon anchoring and migration. The crucial roles of solid friction and balloon placement are pointed out, which should help in guiding the manufacturing of balloons and their usage in the field.

DOI

10.1017/jfm.2021.777

Publication Date

2021-08-28

Publication Title

Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Volume

927

ISSN

0022-1120

Embargo Period

2022-03-24

Organisational Unit

School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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