ORCID

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the refractive outcomes, intraocular centration and rotational stability of the enVista toric intraocular lens (IOL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a prospective, multi-centre, double-masked, partially randomized and partially controlled clinical trial. A total of 191 participants were implanted with toric IOL (1.25, 2.00, or 2.75D) or non-toric IOL (control). The lowest range of corneal astigmatic eyes were randomized to 1.25D toric or control. Higher astigmatic powers were allocated to the treatment arm. Subjects were assessed immediately postoperatively, 1-2 (V1), 7-14 (V2), 30-60 (V3) and 120-180 (V4) days postoperatively. Unaided (UDVA) and distance corrected visual acuity (CDVA), manifest refraction and corneal curvature were assessed. Vector analysis was used to calculate surgically induced refractive correction (SIRC), correction ratio (CR), error magnitude (EM) and error vector (EV). Slit-lamp photography was used to measure centration and rotational stability. RESULTS: UDVA was better in the low toric IOL group in comparison with the control group at V4 (p<0.001). There was an undercorrection in the control group, whereas the average CR for all toric subjects was 1.00 ± 0.32: V2, 0.98 ± 0.34: V3 and 0.98 ± 0.35: V4. The absolute IOL rotational stability in comparison to the position of the IOL at V1 was 1.35° ± 0.97°: V2, 1.35° ± 1.07°: V3 and 1.38° ± 1.25°: V4. Decentration was generally inferior (V1: 0.04 ± 0.22mm, V2: 0.05± 0.20mm, V3: 0.08 ± 0.22mm, V4: 0.04 ± 0.21mm) and nasal (V1: 0.19 ± 0.23mm, V2: 0.20 ± 0.20mm, V3: 0.20 ± 0.21mm, V4: 0.17 ± 0.22mm). CONCLUSION: Participants with low levels of corneal astigmatism achieved superior vision and refractive outcomes in the low toric group over the control. Moderate and high levels of astigmatism achieved excellent refractive outcomes. The toric IOL demonstrated high levels of both rotational and centrational stability.

DOI

10.2147/opth.s386551

Publication Date

2022-10-31

Publication Title

Clinical Ophthalmology

Volume

16

First Page

3763

Last Page

3774

ISSN

1177-5467

Embargo Period

2023-01-20

Organisational Unit

School of Health Professions

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