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dc.contributor.authorKhanlou, HMen
dc.contributor.authorHall, Wen
dc.contributor.authorWoodfield, Pen
dc.contributor.authorSummerscales, Jen
dc.contributor.authorFrancucci, Gen
dc.descriptionPublisher policy: author can archive post-print on institutional repository. Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged. Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used. Must link to publisher version with DOI.en

Bio-composites are increasingly being perceived as a green alternative to synthetic composites in many applications. However, the overall long-term durability of bio-composites is a major concern, particularly their ability for sustained performance under harsh and changing environmental conditions. This paper reports a detailed study on the effect of environmental conditions on the performance of flax/poly(lactic acid) bio-composites. Neat poly(lactic acid) and biocomposite samples were exposed to environments similar to those found outdoors: wet, freezing and humid. Moisture absorption and physical changes of specimens were periodically examined. Flexural and tensile properties were evaluated periodically to determine the detrimental effect of each exposure condition on the mechanical performance of biocomposites. Direct contact with liquid water is the most deteriorating environment for bio-composites. A drying process can partially restore the mechanical performance of these materials. Bio-composites can survive reliably in warm humid environments and in those that could create freeze and thaw cycles for short-term outdoor applications. The mechanisms and reasons involved in the degradation of the properties of green composites are discussed.

dc.publisherSAGE Publishingen
dc.subjectNatural fibres reinforced polymer compositesen
dc.subjectflax fibreen
dc.subjectpoly(lactic acid)en
dc.subjectenvironmental applicationen
dc.titleThe mechanical properties of flax fibre reinforced poly(lactic acid) bio-composites to wet, freezing and humid environmentsen
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.journalJournal of Composite Materialsen
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 All current users
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 All current users/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 All current users/Academics/Faculty of Science & Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 All current users/Academics/Faculty of Science & Engineering/School of Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science & Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science & Engineering/School of Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen

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