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dc.contributor.authorLiu, Jen
dc.contributor.authorRahman, Sen
dc.contributor.authorSriboonchitta, Sen
dc.contributor.authorWiboonpongse, Aen
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-15T10:37:03Z
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-15T13:53:56Z
dc.date.available2017-05-15T10:37:03Z
dc.date.available2017-05-15T13:53:56Z
dc.date.issued2017-05-08en
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050en
dc.identifier.other770en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/9253
dc.description.abstract

The study first identified fully efficient farmers and then estimated technical efficiency of inefficient farmers, identifying their determinants by applying a Zero Inefficiency Stochastic Frontier Model (ZISFM) on a sample of 300 rice farmers from central-northern Thailand. Next, the study developed scenarios of potential production increase and resource conservation if technical inefficiency was eliminated. Results revealed that 13% of the sampled farmers were fully efficient, thereby justifying the use of our approach. The estimated mean technical efficiency was 91%, implying that rice production can be increased by 9%, by reallocating resources. Land and labor were the major productivity drivers. Education significantly improved technical efficiency. Farmers who transplanted seedlings were relatively technically efficient as compared to those who practised manual and/or mechanical direct seeding methods. Elimination of technical inefficiency could increase output by 8.64% per ha, or generate 5.7–6.4 million tons of additional rice output for Thailand each year. Similarly, elimination of technical inefficiency would potentially conserve 19.44% person-days of labor, 11.95% land area, 11.46% material inputs and 8.67% mechanical power services for every ton of rice produced. This translates into conservation of 2.9–3.0 million person-days of labor, 3.7–4.5 thousand km2 of land, 10.0–14.5 billion baht of material input and 7.6–12.8 billion baht of mechanical power costs to produce current level of rice output in Thailand each year. Policy implications include investment into educating farmers, and improving technical knowledge of seeding technology, to boost rice production and conserve scarce resources in Thailand.

en
dc.format.extent770 - 770en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publishermdpien
dc.relation.replaceshttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/9248
dc.relation.replaces10026.1/9248
dc.titleEnhancing Productivity and Resource Conservation by Eliminating Inefficiency of Thai Rice Farmers: A Zero Inefficiency Stochastic Frontier Approachen
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.issue5en
plymouth.volume9en
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainabilityen
plymouth.publication-statusPublisheden
plymouth.journalSustainabiltyen
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su9050770en
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA06 Agriculture, Veterinary and Food Science
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Research in Environment and Society (CeRES)
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-04-29en
dc.rights.embargoperiodNo embargoen
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3390/su9050770en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-05-08en
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
plymouth.oa-locationhttp://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/5/770en


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