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dc.contributor.authorCunha, PP
dc.contributor.authorMartins, AA
dc.contributor.authorBuylaert, J-P
dc.contributor.authorMurray, AS
dc.contributor.authorRaposo, L
dc.contributor.authorMozzi, P
dc.contributor.authorStokes, M
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-21T13:13:56Z
dc.date.available2016-11-21T13:13:56Z
dc.date.issued2016-11-18
dc.identifier.issn0277-3791
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/6773
dc.description.abstract

The Vale do Forno archaeological sites (Alpiarça, central Portugal) document the earliest human occupation in the Lower Tejo River, well established in geomorphological and environmental terms, within the Middle Pleistocene. In a staircase of six fluvial terraces, the Palaeolithic sites were found on the T4 terrace (+24 m, above river bed) which is made of a basal Lower Gravels unit (LG) and an overlying Upper Sands unit (US). Geomorphological mapping, coupled with lithostratigraphy, sedimentology and luminescence dating (quartz-OSL and K-feldspar post-IRIR290) were used in this study. The oldest artefacts found in the LG unit show crude bifacial forms that can be attributed to the Acheulian. In contrast, the US unit has archaeological sites stratigraphically documenting successive phases of an evolved Acheulian. Luminescence dating and correlation with the Marine Isotopic Stages suggest that the LG unit has a probable age of ca. 335 to 325 ka and the US unit an age of ca. 325 to 155 ka. This is in contrast to previous interpretations ascribing this terrace (and lithic industries) to the Last Interglacial and early phases of the Last Glacial. The VF3 site (Milharós), containing Micoquian (Final Acheulian) industries (with fine and elaborated bifaces), found in a stratigraphic level located between the T4 terrace deposits and a colluvium associated with Late Pleistocene aeolian sands, is younger than 155 ka but much older than 32 ka.

dc.format.extent204-226
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subjectPalaeolithic
dc.subjectAcheulean
dc.subjectMiddle Pleistocene
dc.subjectGeomorphology
dc.subjectLuminescence dating
dc.subjectFluvial terraces
dc.subjectRiver Tejo
dc.subjectIberia
dc.titleNew data on the chronology of the Vale do Forno sedimentary sequence (Lower Tejo River terrace staircase) and its relevance as a fluvial archive of the Middle Pleistocene in western Iberia
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.webofscience.com/api/gateway?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000405884700011&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=11bb513d99f797142bcfeffcc58ea008
plymouth.volume166
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalQuaternary Science Reviews
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.11.001
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA07 Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-11-01
dc.rights.embargodate2017-11-18
dc.rights.embargoperiod12 months
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.11.001
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-11-18
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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