The Use of a Dynamic Elastomeric Fabric Orthosis in Supporting the Management of Athletic Pelvic and Groin Injury.
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CONTEXT: Athletic pelvic and groin injuries are a common yet challenging problem. Pelvic belts have been successfully used to reduce pain and improve function but are not a practical solution for athletes. Therefore, there is scope to explore the use of a more dynamic intervention developed to aid in the management of this type of injury. OBJECTIVES: To undertake a preliminary investigation into the effectiveness of a dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis (DEFO) in supporting the management of athletic pelvic and groin injury. DESIGN: A case series with an AB design. Daily assessments were undertaken over 15 days; the onset of intervention was randomized with a minimum baseline period of 6 d. Follow-up assessment was undertaken after 1 mo. SETTINGS: Community and university. PARTICIPANTS: 8 athletes presenting with pelvic or groin injury confirmed through clinical screening. INTERVENTION: A bespoke DEFO. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Force produced on bilateral resisted hip adduction and self-scored pain (using a numerical rating scale of 0-10) at rest and during an active straight-leg raise and a broad jump. RESULTS: In 7 cases a significant improvement was observed on at least 1 measure (2-SD method, celeration line, and/or the point of nonoverlapping data). The remaining case showed minimal symptoms during testing.
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