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dc.contributor.authorHutchinson, THen
dc.contributor.authorWheeler, JRen
dc.contributor.authorGourmelon, Aen
dc.contributor.authorBurden, Nen
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-15T13:34:01Z
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-10T11:15:54Z
dc.date.available2016-06-15T13:34:01Z
dc.date.issued2016-02-09en
dc.identifier.issn0273-2300en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/5256
dc.description.abstract

Fish toxicity testing has been conducted since the 1860's in order to help define safe levels of chemical contaminants in lakes, rivers and coastal waters. The historical emphasis on acute lethality testing of chemicals has more recently focussed on long term sublethal effects of chemicals on fish and their prey species. Fish toxicity testing is now embedded in much environment legislation on chemical safety while it is recognized that animal use should be Replaced, Reduced and Refined (the 3Rs) where possible. The OECD Fish Toxicity Testing Framework provides a useful structure with which to address the needs of environmental safety assessment whilst implementing the 3Rs. This commentary aims to promote the implementation of the recommendations of the OECD Fish Toxicity Testing Framework.

en
dc.format.extent231 - 233en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.replaceshttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/4905
dc.relation.replaces10026.1/4905
dc.titlePromoting the 3Rs to enhance the OECD fish toxicity testing framework.en
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.volume76en
plymouth.journalRegulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTPen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.yrtph.2016.02.006en
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA06 Agriculture, Veterinary and Food Science
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/BEACh
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-02-08en
dc.rights.embargodate2017-02-09en
dc.identifier.eissn1096-0295en
dc.rights.embargoperiod12 monthsen
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.yrtph.2016.02.006en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-02-09en
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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