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dc.contributor.authorCandy, EAen
dc.contributor.authorFarewell, Den
dc.contributor.authorJerosch-Herold, Cen
dc.contributor.authorShepstone, Len
dc.contributor.authorWatts, RAen
dc.contributor.authorStephenson, RCen
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-07T14:49:21Z
dc.date.available2016-06-07T14:49:21Z
dc.date.issued2012-12en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/4842
dc.description.abstract

OBJECTIVES: No previous randomised controlled trials had been undertaken investigating the effect of school seating on back pain in 14 to 16 year olds. This study was designed to test the effect of the use of a high-density foam wedge on normal school seating on the intensity of back pain. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Suffolk, a predominantly rural county in eastern England. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and eighty-five students with back pain were recruited from 12 schools. Randomisation was stratified by school. The control and intervention groups included 92 and 83 students, respectively. INTERVENTION: Following a 1-week baseline observation period, each student in the intervention group was given a wedge to use on their school chairs. OUTCOME MEASURE: The primary outcome measure was pain intensity (numerical rating scale, 0 to 10) recorded in pain diaries over 4 weeks. Random effects models were used to analyse the pain intensity data. RESULTS: Ninety-seven students (46 control group, 51 intervention group) completed the trial. For the intervention group, pain intensity was reduced significantly over the 3 weeks of wedge use. The average reduction in pain intensity was estimated to be 0.709 points (95% confidence interval 0.341 to 1.077), representing a 58% reduction in back pain for those in the intervention group. CONCLUSION: Use of a wedge reduced the intensity of back pain significantly, especially in the evenings. The results suggest that further research into the longer-term effect of seating on pain intensity in adolescents should be considered.

en
dc.format.extent301 - 306en
dc.languageengen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.subjectAdolescenten
dc.subjectBack Painen
dc.subjectErgonomicsen
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectInterior Design and Furnishingsen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectMedical Recordsen
dc.subjectPhysical Therapy Modalitiesen
dc.subjectPostureen
dc.subjectSchoolsen
dc.subjectTreatment Outcomeen
dc.titleEffect of a high-density foam seating wedge on back pain intensity when used by 14 to 16-year-old school students: a randomised controlled trial.en
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23122434en
plymouth.issue4en
plymouth.volume98en
plymouth.publication-statusPublisheden
plymouth.journalPhysiotherapyen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.physio.2011.04.353en
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health and Human Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health and Human Sciences/School of Health Professions
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/PS - Office of Vice-Chancellor
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Institute of Health and Community
dc.publisher.placeEnglanden
dcterms.dateAccepted2011-04-19en
dc.identifier.eissn1873-1465en
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.physio.2011.04.353en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2012-12en
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
plymouth.oa-locationhttp://apps.webofknowledge.com/InboundService.do?product=WOS&SID=V19BEJ8K2baSNKWAg2H&UT=WOS:000310580900004&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&DestFail=http://www.webofknowledge.com&action=retrieve&Init=Yes&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&Func=Frame&customersID=LinksAMR&IsProductCode=Yes&mode=FullRecorden


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