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dc.contributor.authorSimas, T
dc.contributor.authorO’Hagan, AM
dc.contributor.authorO’Callaghan, J
dc.contributor.authorHamawi, S
dc.contributor.authorMagagna, D
dc.contributor.authorBailey, I
dc.contributor.authorGreaves, DM
dc.contributor.authorSaulnier, J-B
dc.contributor.authorMarina, D
dc.contributor.authorBald, J
dc.contributor.authorHuertas, C
dc.contributor.authorSundberg, J
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-30T21:45:40Z
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-28T14:44:07Z
dc.date.available2015-10-30T21:45:40Z
dc.date.available2016-04-28T14:44:07Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn2214-1669
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/4554
dc.description.abstract

Consenting is still generally regarded as a non-technological barrier to the progress of the marine renewable energy industry, caused by the complexity of consenting processes and the lack of dedicated legal frameworks. Existing consenting systems for ocean energy projects tend to be based on procedures designed for other sectors and are seen as inappropriate for the specific needs of ocean energy. Licensing procedures are also viewed by developers as time-consuming because regulators see ocean energy as a new activity with unknown or uncertain effects and consequently often apply strong interpretation of the precautionary principle. Consenting processes for ocean energy are, nevertheless, evolving throughout Europe, driven by national and European policies and incentives on renewables, changing legal and administrative frameworks to facilitate development and more integrated marine governance. This review compares the consenting processes for ocean energy in different European countries, focusing on aspects thought to hamper operation of the process. It shows that different systems of governance across the EU Member States have resulted in diversity in the design of consenting processes, though common features can also be identified. This evidence-based review enables suggestions for streamlining consenting processes for wave energy.

dc.format.extent41-59
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.replaceshttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/3755
dc.relation.replaces10026.1/3755
dc.subjectConsenting
dc.subjectEU Member States
dc.subjectMarine renewables
dc.subjectWave energy
dc.subjectEnvironmental Impact Assessment
dc.subjectStreamlining
dc.titleReview of consenting processes for ocean energy in selected European Union Member States
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.volume9
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijome.2014.12.001
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalInternational Journal for Marine Energy
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ijome.2014.12.001
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/PRIMaRE Publications
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA12 Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA14 Geography and Environmental Studies
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Researchers in ResearchFish submission
dc.rights.embargodate2015-07-01
dc.rights.embargoperiod6 months
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.ijome.2014.12.001
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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