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dc.contributor.authorTurner, A
dc.contributor.authorSolman, KR
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-31T12:38:24Z
dc.date.issued2016-03-15
dc.identifier.issn0048-9697
dc.identifier.issn1879-1026
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/4454
dc.description.abstract

The dry weight concentrations of lead in paints on a variety of structures in the urban and suburban environs of a British city (Plymouth, south west England) have been determined in situ and ex situ by field-portable x-ray fluorescence spectrometry. Lead was detected in 221 out of 272 analyses, with overall median and mean concentrations of 4180 g g-1 and 29,300 g g-1, respectively, and a maximum concentration of 390,000 g g-1. The highest concentrations were observed in extant paints on poorly maintained, metallic structures, including railings, gates, telephone kiosks and bridges, in various yellow road line paints, and in paints of varying condition on public playground facilities (ramps, climbing frames, monkey bars). Occupants of households in the vicinity of structures that are shedding leaded paint are at potential risk of exposure from paint particles being tracked in on shoes while children in contact with leaded paints in playgrounds and recreational areas are at potential risk from the direct ingestion of paint flakes. Since the issues highlighted in the present study are neither likely to be restricted to this city, nor to the UK, a greater, general awareness and understanding of the sources and routes of exposure of exterior leaded paint is called for.

dc.format.extent132-136
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subjectLeaded paint
dc.subjectChromium
dc.subjectUrban
dc.subjectBridges
dc.subjectTelephone kiosks
dc.subjectPlaygrounds
dc.titleLead in exterior paints from the urban and suburban environs of Plymouth, south west England
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000369630600014&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=11bb513d99f797142bcfeffcc58ea008
plymouth.volume547
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.125
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.125
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA07 Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/BEACh
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands
dcterms.dateAccepted2015-12-23
dc.rights.embargodate2016-12-23
dc.identifier.eissn1879-1026
dc.rights.embargoperiod12 months
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.125
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-03-15
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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