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dc.contributor.authorNapper, IE
dc.contributor.authorBakir, A
dc.contributor.authorRowland, SJ
dc.contributor.authorThompson, RC
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-30T09:03:07Z
dc.date.available2015-07-30T09:03:07Z
dc.date.issued2015-10-15
dc.identifier.issn0025-326X
dc.identifier.issn1879-3363
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/3502
dc.descriptionPre-print file replaced (incorrect version) on 16/9/2022 by KT (LDS).
dc.description.abstract

Cosmetic products, such as facial scrubs, have been identified as potentially important primary sources of microplastics to the marine environment. This study characterises, quantifies and then investigates the sorptive properties of plastic microbeads that are used as exfoliants in cosmetics. Polyethylene microbeads were extracted from several products, and shown to have a wide size range (mean diameters between 164 to 327 μm). We estimated that between 4594 – 94500 microbeads could be released in a single use. To examine the potential for microbeads to accumulate and transport chemicals they were exposed to a binary mixture of 3H-phenanthrene and 14C-DDT in seawater. The potential for transport of sorbed chemicals by microbeads was broadly similar to that of polythene (PE) particles used in previous sorption studies. In conclusion, cosmetic exfoliants are a potentially important, yet preventable source of microplastic contamination in the marine environment.

dc.format.extent178-185
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.subjectMicroplastic
dc.subjectExfoliating microbeads
dc.subjectPolyethylene
dc.subjectOcean pollution
dc.subjectContaminant
dc.titleCharacterisation, Quantity and Sorptive Properties of Microplastics Extracted From Cosmetics
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26234612
plymouth.issue1-2
plymouth.volume99
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://www.journals.elsevier.com/marine-pollution-bulletin/
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalMarine Pollution Bulletin
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.07.029
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Biological and Marine Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA07 Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Researchers in ResearchFish submission
dc.publisher.placeEngland
dcterms.dateAccepted2015-07-13
dc.rights.embargodate2017-8-10
dc.identifier.eissn1879-3363
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.07.029
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2015-10-15
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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