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dc.contributor.authorRolison, JJen
dc.contributor.authorMoutari, Sen
dc.contributor.authorHewson, PJen
dc.contributor.authorHellier, Een
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-17T11:35:42Z
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-17T11:42:23Z
dc.date.available2014-03-17T11:35:42Z
dc.date.available2014-03-17T11:42:23Z
dc.date.issued2014-01en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/2915
dc.description.abstract

BACKGROUND: Young and elderly drivers are reported to have markedly greater crash rates than drivers of other ages, but they travel less frequently and represent a minority of road users. Consequently, many crashes involving young or elderly drivers also involve drivers of middle age ranges who travel more frequently. PURPOSE: To examine crash rates of young and elderly drivers, controlling for ages of all drivers involved in collisions. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study conducted on population-wide two-vehicle crashes reported in Great Britain from 2002 through 2010 for driver age ranges (17-20, 21-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, ≥70 years) and individual driver ages among those aged 17-20 years. Annual trips made, recorded as part of a National Travel Survey, were used to estimate trip-based driver crash rates. RESULTS: Crash rates of drivers aged 17-20 years were not significantly different from crash rates of drivers aged 21-29 years (rate ratio=1.14; 95% CI=0.96, 1.33) when controlling for ages of both drivers involved in two-car collisions, and drivers aged 17 years had the lowest crash rate among drivers aged 17-20 years. Crash rates of drivers aged ≥70 years equaled crash rates of drivers aged 60-69 years (rate ratio=1.00; 95% CI=0.77, 1.32) and were 1.40 times (95% CI=1.10, 1.78) lower than crash rates of drivers aged 50-59 years. CONCLUSIONS: The current findings are in contrast with reports of high crash risks among young and elderly drivers, and suggest that previous reports may have overestimated the crash risks of these drivers by failing to control for ages of all drivers involved in collisions.

en
dc.format.extent58 - 64en
dc.languageengen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.replaceshttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/2911
dc.relation.replaces10026.1/2911
dc.subjectAccidents, Trafficen
dc.subjectAdolescenten
dc.subjectAdulten
dc.subjectAge Factorsen
dc.subjectAgeden
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectLongitudinal Studiesen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectMiddle Ageden
dc.subjectRetrospective Studiesen
dc.subjectRisk Assessmenten
dc.subjectYoung Adulten
dc.titleOverestimated crash risks of young and elderly drivers.en
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24355672en
plymouth.issue1en
plymouth.volume46en
plymouth.publication-statusPublisheden
plymouth.journalAm J Prev Meden
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.amepre.2013.08.014en
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health/School of Psychology
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)/Behaviour
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen
dcterms.dateAccepted2013-08-27en
dc.identifier.eissn1873-2607en
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.amepre.2013.08.014en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2014-01en
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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