Factors Associated With the Quality of Life of Nursing Home Residents During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study
MetadataShow full item record
Objectives Quality of life (QoL) of nursing home (NH) residents is critical, yet understudied, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our objective was to examine whether COVID-19 outbreaks, lack of access to geriatric professionals, and care aide burnout were associated with NH residents' QoL. Design Cross-sectional study (July to December 2021). Setting and Participants We purposefully selected 9 NHs in Alberta, Canada, based on their COVID-19 exposure (no or minor/short outbreaks vs repeated or extensive outbreaks). We included data for 689 residents from 18 care units. Methods We used the DEMQOL-CH to assess resident QoL through video-based care aide interviews. Independent variables included a COVID-19 outbreak in the NH in the past 2 weeks (health authority records), care unit-levels of care aide burnout (9-item short-form Maslach Burnout Inventory), and resident access to geriatric professionals (validated facility survey). We ran mixed-effects regression models, adjusted for facility and care unit (validated surveys), and resident covariates (Resident Assessment Instrument–Minimum Data Set 2.0). Results Recent COVID-19 outbreaks (β = 0.189; 95% CI: 0.058–0.320), higher proportions of emotionally exhausted care aides on a care unit (β = 0.681; 95% CI: 0.246–1.115), and lack of access to geriatric professionals (β = 0.216; 95% CI: 0.003–0.428) were significantly associated with poorer resident QoL. Conclusions and Implications Policies aimed at reducing infection outbreaks, better supporting staff, and increasing access to specialist providers may help to mitigate how COVID-19 has negatively affected NH resident QoL.
Place of Publication
Recommended, similar items
The following license files are associated with this item: