Using a Machine Learning Model for Malicious URL Type Detection
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The world wide web, beyond its benefits, has also become a major platform for online criminal activities. Traditional protection methods against malicious URLs, such as blacklisting, remain a valid alternative, but cannot detect unknown sites, hence new methods are being developed for automatic detection, using machine learning approaches. This paper strengthens the existing state of the art by proposing an alternative machine learning approach, that uses a set of 14 lexical and host-based features but focuses on the typical mechanisms employed by malicious URLs. The proposed method employs random forest and decision tree as core mechanisms and is evaluated on a combined benign and malicious URL dataset, which indicates an accuracy of over 97%.
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