Psychometric testing of a Danish version of the Empowerment of Parents in the Intensive Care – Neonatology questionnaire has confirmed validity
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Aim Investigating parent satisfaction with care is important to guide quality development. In this study we translated and validated a Danish version of the empowerment of parents in the intensive care – neonatology (EMPATHIC-N) questionnaire to determine validity in Danish contexts.
Method A psychometric study design was applied. Translation was performed according to recommended international standards. Confirmatory factor analyses including standardized factor loadings, Cronbach's α reliability estimates, congruent validity, and nondifferential validity testing were applied. The study was performed from June 2017 through November 2019 at a 33-bed level IV neonatal intensive care unit.
Results Participants were 311 parents (response rate = 42,8%). Confirmative factor analyses disclosed a moderate model fit of the instrument with Comparative Fit Index (CFI) values of 0.83 to 0.92. Cronbach's α showed good reliability (0.82 to 0.93). Congruent validity showed good positive correlations (0.48 to 0.71) between the instrument domains and four overall satisfaction indicators. In search of improved model fit, a version including 27 items was tested. This version showed a better model fit with CFI values of 0.92 to 0.99 and satisfactory Cronbach's α values.
Conclusions Model fit for the Danish full EMPATIC-N was moderate. The shorter version showed better psychometric properties.
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