Thiomicrorhabdus heinhorstiae sp. nov. and Thiomicrorhabdus cannonii sp. nov.: novel sulphur-oxidizing chemolithoautotrophs isolated from the chemocline of Hospital Hole, an anchialine sinkhole in Spring Hill, Florida, USA.
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Two sulphur-oxidizing, chemolithoautotrophic aerobes were isolated from the chemocline of an anchialine sinkhole located within the Weeki Wachee River of Florida. Gram-stain-negative cells of both strains were motile, chemotactic rods. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene and predicted amino acid sequences of ribosomal proteins, average nucleotide identities, and alignment fractions suggest the strains HH1T and HH3T represent novel species belonging to the genus Thiomicrorhabdus. The genome G+C fraction of HH1T is 47.8 mol% with a genome length of 2.61 Mb, whereas HH3T has a G+C fraction of 52.4 mol% and 2.49 Mb genome length. Major fatty acids of the two strains included C16 : 1, C18 : 1 and C16 : 0, with the addition of C10:0 3-OH in HH1T and C12 : 0 in HH3T. Chemolithoautotrophic growth of both strains was supported by elemental sulphur, sulphide, tetrathionate, and thiosulphate, and HH1T was also able to use molecular hydrogen. Neither strain was capable of heterotrophic growth or use of nitrate as a terminal electron acceptor. Strain HH1T grew from pH 6.5 to 8.5, with an optimum of pH 7.4, whereas strain HH3T grew from pH 6 to 8 with an optimum of pH 7.5. Growth was observed between 15-35 °C with optima of 32.8 °C for HH1T and 32 °C for HH3T. HH1T grew in media with [NaCl] 80-689 mM, with an optimum of 400 mM, while HH3T grew at 80-517 mM, with an optimum of 80 mM. The name Thiomicrorhabdus heinhorstiae sp. nov. is proposed, and the type strain is HH1T (=DSM 111584T=ATCC TSD-240T). The name Thiomicrorhabdus cannonii sp. nov is proposed, and the type strain is HH3T (=DSM 111593T=ATCC TSD-241T).
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