Bioaccumulation, release and genotoxicity of stainless steel particles in marine bivalve molluscs
MetadataShow full item record
During the decommissioning and removal of radioactive material in nuclear facilities, fine, tritiated dusts of stainless steel, cement or tungsten are generated that could be accidently released to the environment. However, the potential radio- and ecotoxicological effects these tritiated particles may have are unknown. In this study, stainless steel particles (SSPs) representative of those likely to be tritiated are manufactured by hydrogenation and their tissue-specific bioaccumulation, release (depuration) and subsequent genotoxic response have been studied in the marine mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, as a baseline for future assessments of the potential effects of tritiated SSPs. Exposure to 1000 μg L-1 of SSPs and adopting Cr as a proxy for stainless steel revealed relatively rapid accumulation (∼5 h) in the various mussel tissues but mostly in the digestive gland. Over longer periods up to 18 days, SSPs were readily rejected and egested as faecal material. DNA strand breaks, as a measure of genotoxicity, were determined at each time point in mussel haemocytes using single cell gel electrophoresis, or the comet assay. Lack of chemical genotoxicity was attributed to the rapid processing of SSP particles and limited dissolution of elemental components of steel. Further work employing tritiated SSPs will enable radio-toxicology to be studied without the confounding effects of chemical toxicity.
Place of Publication
Recommended, similar items
The following license files are associated with this item: