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dc.contributor.authorSantangelo, JS
dc.contributor.authorNess, RW
dc.contributor.authorCohan, B
dc.contributor.authorFitzpatrick, CR
dc.contributor.authorInnes, SG
dc.contributor.authorKoch, S
dc.contributor.authorMiles, LS
dc.contributor.authorMunim, S
dc.contributor.authorPeres-Neto, PR
dc.contributor.authorPrashad, C
dc.contributor.authorTong, AT
dc.contributor.authorAguirre, WE
dc.contributor.authorAkinwole, PO
dc.contributor.authorAlberti, M
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez, J
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, JT
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, JJ
dc.contributor.authorAndo, Y
dc.contributor.authorAndrew, NR
dc.contributor.authorAngeoletto, F
dc.contributor.authorAnstett, DN
dc.contributor.authorAnstett, J
dc.contributor.authorAoki-Gonçalves, F
dc.contributor.authorArietta, AZA
dc.contributor.authorArroyo, MTK
dc.contributor.authorAusten, EJ
dc.contributor.authorBaena-Díaz, F
dc.contributor.authorBarker, CA
dc.contributor.authorBaylis, HA
dc.contributor.authorBeliz, JM
dc.contributor.authorBenitez-Mora, A
dc.contributor.authorBickford, D
dc.contributor.authorBiedebach, G
dc.contributor.authorBlackburn, GS
dc.contributor.authorBoehm, MMA
dc.contributor.authorBonser, SP
dc.contributor.authorBonte, D
dc.contributor.authorBragger, JR
dc.contributor.authorBranquinho, C
dc.contributor.authorBrans, KI
dc.contributor.authorBresciano, JC
dc.contributor.authorBrom, PD
dc.contributor.authorBucharova, A
dc.contributor.authorBurt, B
dc.contributor.authorCahill, JF
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, KD
dc.contributor.authorCarlen, EJ
dc.contributor.authorCarmona, D
dc.contributor.authorCastellanos, MC
dc.contributor.authorCentenaro, G
dc.contributor.authorChalen, I
dc.contributor.authorChaves, JA
dc.contributor.authorChávez-Pesqueira, M
dc.contributor.authorChen, X-Y
dc.contributor.authorChilton, AM
dc.contributor.authorChomiak, KM
dc.contributor.authorCisneros-Heredia, DF
dc.contributor.authorCisse, IK
dc.contributor.authorClassen, AT
dc.contributor.authorComerford, MS
dc.contributor.authorFradinger, CC
dc.contributor.authorCorney, H
dc.contributor.authorCrawford, AJ
dc.contributor.authorCrawford, KM
dc.contributor.authorDahirel, M
dc.contributor.authorDavid, S
dc.contributor.authorDe Haan, R
dc.contributor.authorDeacon, NJ
dc.contributor.authorDean, C
dc.contributor.authordel-Val, E
dc.contributor.authorDeligiannis, EK
dc.contributor.authorDenney, D
dc.contributor.authorDettlaff, MA
dc.contributor.authorDiLeo, MF
dc.contributor.authorDing, Y-Y
dc.contributor.authorDomínguez-López, ME
dc.contributor.authorDominoni, DM
dc.contributor.authorDraud, SL
dc.contributor.authorDyson, K
dc.contributor.authorEllers, J
dc.contributor.authorEspinosa, CI
dc.contributor.authorEssi, L
dc.contributor.authorFalahati-Anbaran, M
dc.contributor.authorFalcão, JCF
dc.contributor.authorFargo, HT
dc.contributor.authorFellowes, MDE
dc.contributor.authorFitzpatrick, RM
dc.contributor.authorFlaherty, LE
dc.contributor.authorFlood, PJ
dc.contributor.authorFlores, MF
dc.contributor.authorFornoni, J
dc.contributor.authorFoster, AG
dc.contributor.authorFrost, CJ
dc.contributor.authorFuentes, TL
dc.contributor.authorFulkerson, JR
dc.contributor.authorGagnon, E
dc.contributor.authorGarbsch, F
dc.contributor.authorGarroway, CJ
dc.contributor.authorGerstein, AC
dc.contributor.authorGiasson, MM
dc.contributor.authorGirdler, EB
dc.contributor.authorGkelis, S
dc.contributor.authorGodsoe, W
dc.contributor.authorGolemiec, AM
dc.contributor.authorGolemiec, M
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Lagos, C
dc.contributor.authorGorton, AJ
dc.contributor.authorGotanda, KM
dc.contributor.authorGranath, G
dc.contributor.authorGreiner, S
dc.contributor.authorGriffiths, JS
dc.contributor.authorGrilo, F
dc.contributor.authorGundel, PE
dc.contributor.authorHamilton, B
dc.contributor.authorHardin, JM
dc.contributor.authorHe, T
dc.contributor.authorHeard, SB
dc.contributor.authorHenriques, AF
dc.contributor.authorHernández-Poveda, M
dc.contributor.authorHetherington-Rauth, MC
dc.contributor.authorHill, SJ
dc.contributor.authorHochuli, DF
dc.contributor.authorHodgins, KA
dc.contributor.authorHood, GR
dc.contributor.authorHopkins, GR
dc.contributor.authorHovanes, KA
dc.contributor.authorHoward, AR
dc.contributor.authorHubbard, SC
dc.contributor.authorIbarra-Cerdeña, CN
dc.contributor.authorIñiguez-Armijos, C
dc.contributor.authorJara-Arancio, P
dc.contributor.authorJarrett, BJM
dc.contributor.authorJeannot, M
dc.contributor.authorJiménez-Lobato, V
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, M
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, O
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, PP
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, R
dc.contributor.authorJosephson, MP
dc.contributor.authorJung, MC
dc.contributor.authorJust, MG
dc.contributor.authorKahilainen, A
dc.contributor.authorKailing, OS
dc.contributor.authorKariñho-Betancourt, E
dc.contributor.authorKarousou, R
dc.contributor.authorKirn, LA
dc.contributor.authorKirschbaum, A
dc.contributor.authorLaine, A-L
dc.contributor.authorLaMontagne, JM
dc.contributor.authorLampei, C
dc.contributor.authorLara, C
dc.contributor.authorLarson, EL
dc.contributor.authorLázaro-Lobo, A
dc.contributor.authorLe, JH
dc.contributor.authorLeandro, DS
dc.contributor.authorLee, C
dc.contributor.authorLei, Y
dc.contributor.authorLeón, CA
dc.contributor.authorLequerica Tamara, ME
dc.contributor.authorLevesque, DC
dc.contributor.authorLiao, W-J
dc.contributor.authorLjubotina, M
dc.contributor.authorLocke, H
dc.contributor.authorLockett, MT
dc.contributor.authorLongo, TC
dc.contributor.authorLundholm, JT
dc.contributor.authorMacGillavry, T
dc.contributor.authorMackin, CR
dc.contributor.authorMahmoud, AR
dc.contributor.authorManju, IA
dc.contributor.authorMariën, J
dc.contributor.authorMartínez, DN
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Bartolomé, M
dc.contributor.authorMeineke, EK
dc.contributor.authorMendoza-Arroyo, W
dc.contributor.authorMerritt, TJS
dc.contributor.authorMerritt, LEL
dc.contributor.authorMigiani, G
dc.contributor.authorMinor, ES
dc.contributor.authorMitchell, N
dc.contributor.authorMohammadi Bazargani, M
dc.contributor.authorMoles, AT
dc.contributor.authorMonk, JD
dc.contributor.authorMoore, CM
dc.contributor.authorMorales-Morales, PA
dc.contributor.authorMoyers, BT
dc.contributor.authorMuñoz-Rojas, M
dc.contributor.authorMunshi-South, J
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, SM
dc.contributor.authorMurúa, MM
dc.contributor.authorNeila, M
dc.contributor.authorNikolaidis, O
dc.contributor.authorNjunjić, I
dc.contributor.authorNosko, P
dc.contributor.authorNúñez-Farfán, J
dc.contributor.authorOhgushi, T
dc.contributor.authorOlsen, KM
dc.contributor.authorOpedal, ØH
dc.contributor.authorOrnelas, C
dc.contributor.authorParachnowitsch, AL
dc.contributor.authorParatore, AS
dc.contributor.authorParody-Merino, AM
dc.contributor.authorPaule, J
dc.contributor.authorPaulo, OS
dc.contributor.authorPena, JC
dc.contributor.authorPfeiffer, VW
dc.contributor.authorPinho, P
dc.contributor.authorPiot, A
dc.contributor.authorPorth, IM
dc.contributor.authorPoulos, N
dc.contributor.authorPuentes, A
dc.contributor.authorQu, J
dc.contributor.authorQuintero-Vallejo, E
dc.contributor.authorRaciti, SM
dc.contributor.authorRaeymaekers, JAM
dc.contributor.authorRaveala, KM
dc.contributor.authorRennison, DJ
dc.contributor.authorRibeiro, MC
dc.contributor.authorRichardson, JL
dc.contributor.authorRivas-Torres, G
dc.contributor.authorRivera, BJ
dc.contributor.authorRoddy, AB
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez-Muñoz, E
dc.contributor.authorRomán, JR
dc.contributor.authorRossi, LS
dc.contributor.authorRowntree, JK
dc.contributor.authorRyan, TJ
dc.contributor.authorSalinas, S
dc.contributor.authorSanders, NJ
dc.contributor.authorSantiago-Rosario, LY
dc.contributor.authorSavage, AM
dc.contributor.authorScheepens, JF
dc.contributor.authorSchilthuizen, M
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, AC
dc.contributor.authorScholier, T
dc.contributor.authorScott, JL
dc.contributor.authorShaheed, SA
dc.contributor.authorShefferson, RP
dc.contributor.authorShepard, CA
dc.contributor.authorShykoff, JA
dc.contributor.authorSilveira, G
dc.contributor.authorSmith, AD
dc.contributor.authorSolis-Gabriel, L
dc.contributor.authorSoro, A
dc.contributor.authorSpellman, KV
dc.contributor.authorWhitney, KS
dc.contributor.authorStarke-Ottich, I
dc.contributor.authorStephan, JG
dc.contributor.authorStephens, JD
dc.contributor.authorSzulc, J
dc.contributor.authorSzulkin, M
dc.contributor.authorTack, AJM
dc.contributor.authorTamburrino, Í
dc.contributor.authorTate, TD
dc.contributor.authorTergemina, E
dc.contributor.authorTheodorou, P
dc.contributor.authorThompson, KA
dc.contributor.authorThrelfall, CG
dc.contributor.authorTinghitella, RM
dc.contributor.authorToledo-Chelala, L
dc.contributor.authorTong, X
dc.contributor.authorUroy, L
dc.contributor.authorUtsumi, S
dc.contributor.authorVandegehuchte, ML
dc.contributor.authorVanWallendael, A
dc.contributor.authorVidal, PM
dc.contributor.authorWadgymar, SM
dc.contributor.authorWang, A-Y
dc.contributor.authorWang, N
dc.contributor.authorWarbrick, ML
dc.contributor.authorWhitney, KD
dc.contributor.authorWiesmeier, M
dc.contributor.authorWiles, JT
dc.contributor.authorWu, J
dc.contributor.authorXirocostas, ZA
dc.contributor.authorYan, Z
dc.contributor.authorYao, J
dc.contributor.authorYoder, JB
dc.contributor.authorYoshida, O
dc.contributor.authorZhang, J
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Z
dc.contributor.authorZiter, CD
dc.contributor.authorZuellig, MP
dc.contributor.authorZufall, RA
dc.contributor.authorZurita, JE
dc.contributor.authorZytynska, SE
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, MTJ
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-06T15:32:44Z
dc.date.available2022-05-06T15:32:44Z
dc.date.issued2022-03-18
dc.identifier.issn0036-8075
dc.identifier.issn1095-9203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/19203
dc.description.abstract

<jats:p>Urbanization transforms environments in ways that alter biological evolution. We examined whether urban environmental change drives parallel evolution by sampling 110,019 white clover plants from 6169 populations in 160 cities globally. Plants were assayed for a Mendelian antiherbivore defense that also affects tolerance to abiotic stressors. Urban-rural gradients were associated with the evolution of clines in defense in 47% of cities throughout the world. Variation in the strength of clines was explained by environmental changes in drought stress and vegetation cover that varied among cities. Sequencing 2074 genomes from 26 cities revealed that the evolution of urban-rural clines was best explained by adaptive evolution, but the degree of parallel adaptation varied among cities. Our results demonstrate that urbanization leads to adaptation at a global scale.</jats:p>

dc.format.extent1275-1281
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
dc.subjectAdaptation, Physiological
dc.subjectBiological Evolution
dc.subjectCities
dc.subjectEcosystem
dc.subjectGenes, Plant
dc.subjectGenome, Plant
dc.subjectHydrogen Cyanide
dc.subjectRural Population
dc.subjectTrifolium
dc.subjectUrbanization
dc.titleGlobal urban environmental change drives adaptation in white clover
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35298255
plymouth.issue6586
plymouth.volume375
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.abk0989
plymouth.publication-statusPublished
plymouth.journalScience
dc.identifier.doi10.1126/science.abk0989
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Biological and Marine Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dc.identifier.eissn1095-9203
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1126/science.abk0989
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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