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dc.contributor.authorJohnson, KL
dc.contributor.authorGray, ND
dc.contributor.authorStone, W
dc.contributor.authorKelly, BFJ
dc.contributor.authorFitzimons, M
dc.contributor.authorClarke, C
dc.contributor.authorBlake, L
dc.contributor.authorChivasa, S
dc.contributor.authorMtambanengwe, F
dc.contributor.authorMapfumo, P
dc.contributor.authorBaker, A
dc.contributor.authorBeckmann, S
dc.contributor.authorDominelli, L
dc.contributor.authorNeal, AL
dc.contributor.authorGwandu, T

Nations can build and rebuild degraded soils to help address climate change and potentially improve the nutritional content of food if we change policies that allow the addition of safe mineral and organic wastes to soil. We present a framework that facilitates the transition from intensive conventional to more regenerative farming practices by considering soil’s natural cycle. Our paper is presented in three parts. Firstly, we consider that ’soil is living’; just like humans, the soil biome needs a balanced diet of macro and micronutrients as well as a nurturing environment. We simplify the soil science and take a systems approach which focuses on restoring soil’s natural cycle to benefit both health (by increasing micronutrients in soil) and wealth (through climate change adaptation and mitigation). Secondly, we consider the scale of the problem of soil degradation and the timescales involved in rebuilding soils and barriers to implementation. Thirdly, we propose a potential framework which enables communities to identify what might be missing from soil’s natural cycle. This framework helps communities consider how they might change soil texture by addition and manipulation of both minerals and organic matter. We present an educational tool, ‘soil in a jar’ based on a narrative of nurturing soil which is designed to engage and inspire society to get their hands dirty. Communities can use the framework to produce locally specific solutions to restore their soil’s natural cycle and rebuild their local and national economies.

dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subject41 Environmental Sciences
dc.subject4106 Soil Sciences
dc.subject13 Climate Action
dc.titleA nation that rebuilds its soils rebuild itself- an engineer's perspective
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.journalSoil Security
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA07 Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/BEACh
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Researchers in ResearchFish submission
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review

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