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dc.contributor.authorMcQuaid, KA
dc.contributor.authorAttrill, MJ
dc.contributor.authorClark, MR
dc.contributor.authorCobley, A
dc.contributor.authorGlover, AG
dc.contributor.authorSmith, CR
dc.contributor.authorHowell, KL
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-05T12:55:26Z
dc.date.available2021-10-05T12:55:26Z
dc.date.issued2020-12-09
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745
dc.identifier.otherARTN 558860
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/17989
dc.description.abstract

<jats:p>Extractive activities in the ocean are expanding into the vast, poorly studied deep sea, with the consequence that environmental management decisions must be made for data-poor seafloor regions. Habitat classification can support marine spatial planning and inform decision-making processes in such areas. We present a regional, top–down, broad-scale, seafloor-habitat classification for the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone (CCZ), an area targeted for future polymetallic nodule mining in abyssal waters in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Our classification uses non-hierarchical, k-medoids clustering to combine environmental correlates of faunal distributions in the region. The classification uses topographic variables, particulate organic carbon flux to the seafloor, and is the first to use nodule abundance as a habitat variable. Twenty-four habitat classes are identified, with large expanses of abyssal plain and smaller classes with varying topography, food supply, and substrata. We then assess habitat representativity of the current network of protected areas (called Areas of Particular Environmental Interest) in the CCZ. Several habitat classes with high nodule abundance are common in mining exploration claims, but currently receive little to no protection in APEIs. There are several large unmanaged areas containing high nodule abundance on the periphery of the CCZ, as well as smaller unmanaged areas within the central CCZ, that could be considered for protection from mining to improve habitat representativity and safeguard regional biodiversity.</jats:p>

dc.format.extent558860-
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherFrontiers Media
dc.subjecthabitat classification
dc.subjectmarine spatial planning
dc.subjectdeep-sea mining
dc.subjectpolymetallic nodules
dc.subjectCCZ
dc.subjectconservation
dc.subjectAreas of Particular Environmental Interest (APEI)
dc.subjectenvironmental management plan
dc.titleUsing Habitat Classification to Assess Representativity of a Protected Area Network in a Large, Data-Poor Area Targeted for Deep-Sea Mining
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.webofscience.com/api/gateway?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000600117200001&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=11bb513d99f797142bcfeffcc58ea008
plymouth.volume7
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.558860
plymouth.publication-statusPublished online
plymouth.journalFrontiers in Marine Science
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2020.558860
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Biological and Marine Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/PRIMaRE Publications
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA07 Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Researchers in ResearchFish submission
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-11-13
dc.rights.embargodate2021-10-6
dc.identifier.eissn2296-7745
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3389/fmars.2020.558860
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-12-09
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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