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dc.contributor.authorJin, Qen
dc.contributor.authorBorthwick, AGLen
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-22T17:27:56Z
dc.date.available2021-08-22T17:27:56Z
dc.date.issued2016-12-15en
dc.identifier.issn0959-6526en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/17719
dc.description.abstract

The authors report an advanced micro-bio-loop that involves recycling through four steps; namely: microalgae culture; de-oxygenation; anaerobic digestion; and aerobic decomposition. The advanced micro-bio-loop operates under sunlight to produce a continuous stream of biogas without requiring any additional external input or internal output to its surrounds. In comparison to conventional biogas production process, it achieves a net positive energy balance at remarkably different level of 0.0224 kWh MJ−1, with less than 33% of environmental impacts, less than 0.57% of water demand, only 7.35% arable land-use and 0.041% of labor.

en
dc.format.extent1094 - 1097en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.titleAn advanced micro-bio-loop to produce biogasen
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.volume139en
plymouth.publication-statusPublisheden
plymouth.journalJournal of Cleaner Productionen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.08.136en
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.08.136en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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