Modelling and Monitoring of Phosphorus Transport and Speciation in Soil
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Flow through soil into groundwater has been classically conceptualised as taking place through a set of aligned capillary tubes. In solute transport models these approximations are also present. Pore-Cor (a network model) has been used to model the void structure of soil by using water retention and mercury porosimetry curves. The model successfully predicts trends in saturated hydraulic conductivity. The effect of the assumptions used in the Pore-Cor geometry have been investigated by comparing of two dimensional slices of the simulated networks with two dimensional image analysis data. The geometric limitations of the model cause packing inefficiencies which prevent the model from representing the size distribution of voids found in real samples. The observation of environmental events is dependent upon the implementation of rapid and reliable analytical techniques. This work presents an adaptation of an FI method for the determination of dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) and a new method for the determination of total dissolved phosphorus (TDP). Both are ideally suited to the detection of phosphorus species in soil leachate and runoff waters over the concentration range 3 to 1000 ng 1-1. The effect of compaction on solute transport is described and the experimental data have been modelled using a modified form of the convection dispersion equation (CDE). The parameters of the CDE have been given structural interpretation by the network model. The model was used to interpret a change in dispersivity and the behaviour of reactive phosphorus species on compaction.
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