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dc.contributor.authorBlease, Cen
dc.contributor.authorKharko, Aen
dc.contributor.authorAnnoni, Men
dc.contributor.authorGaab, Jen
dc.contributor.authorLocher, Cen

<jats:p><jats:bold>Background:</jats:bold> There is increasing use of psychotherapy apps in mental health care.</jats:p><jats:p><jats:bold>Objective:</jats:bold> This mixed methods pilot study aimed to explore postgraduate clinical psychology students' familiarity and formal exposure to topics related to artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) during their studies.</jats:p><jats:p><jats:bold>Methods:</jats:bold> In April-June 2020, we conducted a mixed-methods online survey using a convenience sample of 120 clinical psychology students enrolled in a two-year Masters' program at a Swiss University.</jats:p><jats:p><jats:bold>Results:</jats:bold> In total 37 students responded (response rate: 37/120, 31%). Among respondents, 73% (<jats:italic>n</jats:italic> = 27) intended to enter a mental health profession, and 97% reported that they had heard of the term “machine learning.” Students estimated 0.52% of their program would be spent on AI/ML education. Around half (46%) reported that they intended to learn about AI/ML as it pertained to mental health care. On 5-point Likert scale, students “moderately agreed” (median = 4) that AI/M should be part of clinical psychology/psychotherapy education. Qualitative analysis of students' comments resulted in four major themes on the impact of AI/ML on mental healthcare: (1) Changes in the quality and understanding of psychotherapy care; (2) Impact on patient-therapist interactions; (3) Impact on the psychotherapy profession; (4) Data management and ethical issues.</jats:p><jats:p><jats:bold>Conclusions:</jats:bold> This pilot study found that postgraduate clinical psychology students held a wide range of opinions but had limited formal education on how AI/ML-enabled tools might impact psychotherapy. The survey raises questions about how curricula could be enhanced to educate clinical psychology/psychotherapy trainees about the scope of AI/ML in mental healthcare.</jats:p>

dc.publisherFrontiers Media SAen
dc.titleMachine Learning in Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Education: A Mixed Methods Pilot Survey of Postgraduate Students at a Swiss Universityen
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.journalFrontiers in Public Healthen
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health/School of Nursing and Midwifery
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen

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