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dc.contributor.authorSummerscales, Jen
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-31T17:50:23Z
dc.date.issued2021-01en
dc.identifier.issn1359-835Xen
dc.identifier.other106149en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/16614
dc.description.abstract

There is an urgent need to halt the degradation of the ecosystems on Earth. For the acquisition, modification and disposal of natural fibres and their composites, the use of organisms and the associated enzymes offers a promising route to sustainable composites. This would potentially reduce the required energy and use milder reaction conditions. This paper reviews the use of organisms and enzymes for (a) extraction of fibres from plant material (retting), (b) surface modification of fibres, and (c) end-of-life treatments, in the context of bast fibres and their composites. The use of enzyme processes at large scale is limited by the extended treatment times, costs of the enzymes and equipment, wastewater treatment and the current low level of adoption by industry.

en
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.language.isoEnglishen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/en
dc.subjectNatural fibresen
dc.subjectFibre conversion processesen
dc.subjectRecyclingen
dc.subjectSurface treatmentsen
dc.titleA review of bast fibres and their composites Part 4 ~ organisms and enzyme processesen
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.plymouth.ac.uk/staff/john-summerscalesen
plymouth.volume140en
plymouth.publisher-urlhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359835X20303870?via%3Dihuben
plymouth.journalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturingen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.compositesa.2020.106149en
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA12 Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-10-11en
dc.rights.embargodate2021-10-30en
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.compositesa.2020.106149en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2021-01en
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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