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dc.contributor.authorLecorps, B
dc.contributor.authorKappel, S
dc.contributor.authorWeary, DM
dc.contributor.authorvon Keyserlingk, MAG
dc.contributor.editorLoor JJ
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-09T07:53:45Z
dc.date.issued2019-10-30
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.otherARTN e0223746
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/15879
dc.description.abstract

Negative social interactions have been extensively studied in dairy cattle, but little is known about the establishment of positive (preferential) relationships. Adult dairy cows are known to spend more time at close proximity to specific social partners, indicating that they establish stronger bonds with these animals, but few studies have explored what happens in socially housed calves. In this study, we explored whether calves that spent their entire life in the same social group established social preferences (i.e. pairs of individuals that interact more) that are stable over time (two 48-h periods, separated by three days), across two types of behavior (standing and lying) and across contexts (change in environment and housing design). When housed in an open pack, calves showed consistent proximity patterns when standing (but not when lying). These preferential relationships persisted even after calves were moved into a new pen fitted with free stalls. At the individual level, calves varied in how selective they were in their social relationships, with some calves spending much more time with specific partners than did others. This degree of selectivity was not associated to Sociability, marginally associated to Fearfulness, but was associated with Pessimism (more pessimistic calves were more selective in their social relationships). In conclusion, calves can form selective relationships that appeared to be consistent over time and across context, and the degree to which calves were selective varied in relation to individual differences in Pessimism.

dc.format.extente0223746-e0223746
dc.format.mediumElectronic-eCollection
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.subjectAnimals
dc.subjectBehavior, Animal
dc.subjectCattle
dc.subjectDairying
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectInterpersonal Relations
dc.subjectPersonality
dc.subjectPessimism
dc.titleSocial proximity in dairy calves is affected by differences in pessimism
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31665176
plymouth.issue10
plymouth.volume14
plymouth.publisher-urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223746
plymouth.publication-statusPublished online
plymouth.journalPLOS ONE
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0223746
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-09-29
dc.rights.embargodate2020-7-10
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1371/journal.pone.0223746
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-10-30
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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