Now showing items 1-10 of 65
Second-to-fourth digit ratio and impulsivity: a comparison between offenders and nonoffenders.
Personality characteristics, particularly impulsive tendencies, have long been conceived as the primary culprit in delinquent behavior. One crucial question to emerge from this line of work is whether impulsivity has a ...
Risks of high-powered motorcycles among younger adults.
We assessed whether policies designed to safeguard young motorcyclists would be effective given shifts in ownership toward high-powered motorcycles.
Overestimated crash risks of young and elderly drivers.
BACKGROUND: Young and elderly drivers are reported to have markedly greater crash rates than drivers of other ages, but they travel less frequently and represent a minority of road users. Consequently, many crashes involving ...
Outcomes and intentions in children's, adolescents', and adults' second- and third-party punishment behavior.
Theories of morality maintain that punishment supports the emergence and maintenance of moral behavior. This study investigated developmental differences in the role of outcomes and the violator's intentions in second-party ...
Human optokinetic nystagmus: a stochastic analysis.
Optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) is a fundamental gaze-stabilizing response found in almost all vertebrates, in which eye movements attempt to compensate for the optic flow caused by self-motion. It is an alternating sequence ...
Gone in 0.6 seconds: the encoding of motor memories depends on recent sensorimotor states.
Real-world tasks often require movements that depend on a previous action or on changes in the state of the world. Here we investigate whether motor memories encode the current action in a manner that depends on previous ...
Spatiotemporal neural characterization of prediction error valence and surprise during reward learning in humans.
Reward learning depends on accurate reward associations with potential choices. These associations can be attained with reinforcement learning mechanisms using a reward prediction error (RPE) signal (the difference between ...
Neural correlates of evidence accumulation during value-based decisions revealed via simultaneous EEG-fMRI.
Current computational accounts posit that, in simple binary choices, humans accumulate evidence in favour of the different alternatives before committing to a decision. Neural correlates of this accumulating activity have ...
The importance of internal facial features in learning new faces.
For familiar faces, the internal features (eyes, nose, and mouth) are known to be differentially salient for recognition compared to external features such as hairstyle. Two experiments are reported that investigate how ...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of Face IT, a computer-based psychosocial intervention for disfigurement-related distress.
Some people who have a visible difference (disfigurement) experience psychosocial adjustment problems that can lead to social anxiety and isolation. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a new computerised ...