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Second-to-fourth digit ratio and impulsivity: a comparison between offenders and nonoffenders.
Personality characteristics, particularly impulsive tendencies, have long been conceived as the primary culprit in delinquent behavior. One crucial question to emerge from this line of work is whether impulsivity has a ...
Risks of high-powered motorcycles among younger adults.
We assessed whether policies designed to safeguard young motorcyclists would be effective given shifts in ownership toward high-powered motorcycles.
Overestimated crash risks of young and elderly drivers.
BACKGROUND: Young and elderly drivers are reported to have markedly greater crash rates than drivers of other ages, but they travel less frequently and represent a minority of road users. Consequently, many crashes involving ...
Enhanced visual statistical learning in adults with autism.
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often characterized as having social engagement and language deficiencies, but a sparing of visuospatial processing and short-term memory (STM), with some ...
Outcomes and intentions in children's, adolescents', and adults' second- and third-party punishment behavior.
Theories of morality maintain that punishment supports the emergence and maintenance of moral behavior. This study investigated developmental differences in the role of outcomes and the violator's intentions in second-party ...
Human optokinetic nystagmus: a stochastic analysis.
Optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) is a fundamental gaze-stabilizing response found in almost all vertebrates, in which eye movements attempt to compensate for the optic flow caused by self-motion. It is an alternating sequence ...
A neuroeconomics approach to inferring utility functions in sensorimotor control.
Making choices is a fundamental aspect of human life. For over a century experimental economists have characterized the decisions people make based on the concept of a utility function. This function increases with increasing ...
Neural correlates of evidence accumulation during value-based decisions revealed via simultaneous EEG-fMRI.
Current computational accounts posit that, in simple binary choices, humans accumulate evidence in favour of the different alternatives before committing to a decision. Neural correlates of this accumulating activity have ...
Improved planning abilities in binge eating.
OBJECTIVE: The role of planning in binge eating episodes is unknown. We investigated the characteristics of planning associated with food cues in binging patients. We studied planning based on backward reasoning, reasoning ...
The importance of internal facial features in learning new faces.
For familiar faces, the internal features (eyes, nose, and mouth) are known to be differentially salient for recognition compared to external features such as hairstyle. Two experiments are reported that investigate how ...