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dc.contributor.authorLewis, SLen
dc.contributor.authorSonké, Ben
dc.contributor.authorSunderland, Ten
dc.contributor.authorBegne, SKen
dc.contributor.authorLopez-Gonzalez, Gen
dc.contributor.authorvan der Heijden, GMFen
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, OLen
dc.contributor.authorAffum-Baffoe, Ken
dc.contributor.authorBaker, TRen
dc.contributor.authorBanin, Len
dc.contributor.authorBastin, J-Fen
dc.contributor.authorBeeckman, Hen
dc.contributor.authorBoeckx, Pen
dc.contributor.authorBogaert, Jen
dc.contributor.authorDe Cannière, Cen
dc.contributor.authorChezeaux, Een
dc.contributor.authorClark, CJen
dc.contributor.authorCollins, Men
dc.contributor.authorDjagbletey, Gen
dc.contributor.authorDjuikouo, MNKen
dc.contributor.authorDroissart, Ven
dc.contributor.authorDoucet, J-Len
dc.contributor.authorEwango, CENen
dc.contributor.authorFauset, Sen
dc.contributor.authorFeldpausch, TRen
dc.contributor.authorFoli, EGen
dc.contributor.authorGillet, J-Fen
dc.contributor.authorHamilton, ACen
dc.contributor.authorHarris, DJen
dc.contributor.authorHart, TBen
dc.contributor.authorde Haulleville, Ten
dc.contributor.authorHladik, Aen
dc.contributor.authorHufkens, Ken
dc.contributor.authorHuygens, Den
dc.contributor.authorJeanmart, Pen
dc.contributor.authorJeffery, KJen
dc.contributor.authorKearsley, Een
dc.contributor.authorLeal, MEen
dc.contributor.authorLloyd, Jen
dc.contributor.authorLovett, JCen
dc.contributor.authorMakana, J-Ren
dc.contributor.authorMalhi, Yen
dc.contributor.authorMarshall, ARen
dc.contributor.authorOjo, Len
dc.contributor.authorPeh, KS-Hen
dc.contributor.authorPickavance, Gen
dc.contributor.authorPoulsen, JRen
dc.contributor.authorReitsma, JMen
dc.contributor.authorSheil, Den
dc.contributor.authorSimo, Men
dc.contributor.authorSteppe, Ken
dc.contributor.authorTaedoumg, HEen
dc.contributor.authorTalbot, Jen
dc.contributor.authorTaplin, JRDen
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Den
dc.contributor.authorThomas, SCen
dc.contributor.authorToirambe, Ben
dc.contributor.authorVerbeeck, Hen
dc.contributor.authorVleminckx, Jen
dc.contributor.authorWhite, LJTen
dc.contributor.authorWillcock, Sen
dc.contributor.authorWoell, Hen
dc.contributor.authorZemagho, Len

We report above-ground biomass (AGB), basal area, stem density and wood mass density estimates from 260 sample plots (mean size: 1.2 ha) in intact closed-canopy tropical forests across 12 African countries. Mean AGB is 395.7 Mg dry mass ha⁻¹ (95% CI: 14.3), substantially higher than Amazonian values, with the Congo Basin and contiguous forest region attaining AGB values (429 Mg ha⁻¹) similar to those of Bornean forests, and significantly greater than East or West African forests. AGB therefore appears generally higher in palaeo- compared with neotropical forests. However, mean stem density is low (426 ± 11 stems ha⁻¹ greater than or equal to 100 mm diameter) compared with both Amazonian and Bornean forests (cf. approx. 600) and is the signature structural feature of African tropical forests. While spatial autocorrelation complicates analyses, AGB shows a positive relationship with rainfall in the driest nine months of the year, and an opposite association with the wettest three months of the year; a negative relationship with temperature; positive relationship with clay-rich soils; and negative relationships with C : N ratio (suggesting a positive soil phosphorus-AGB relationship), and soil fertility computed as the sum of base cations. The results indicate that AGB is mediated by both climate and soils, and suggest that the AGB of African closed-canopy tropical forests may be particularly sensitive to future precipitation and temperature changes.

dc.format.extent20120295 - ?en
dc.subjectCongo Basinen
dc.subjecteast Africaen
dc.subjectwest Africaen
dc.subjectwood densityen
dc.subjectCarbon Cycleen
dc.subjectClimate Changeen
dc.subjectConservation of Natural Resourcesen
dc.subjectModels, Biologicalen
dc.subjectTropical Climateen
dc.titleAbove-ground biomass and structure of 260 African tropical forests.en
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.publication-statusPublished onlineen
plymouth.journalPhilos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Scien
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA06 Agriculture, Veterinary and Food Science
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen

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