Validation of the person-centred coordinated care experience questionnaire (P3CEQ)
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Abstract Background Measuring patient experiences of healthcare is increasingly emphasized as a mechanism to measure, benchmark and drive quality improvement, clinical effectiveness and patient safety at both national and local NHS level. Person-centred coordinated care (P3C) is the conjunction of two constructs; person-centred care and care coordination. It is a complex intervention requiring support for changes to organizational structure and the behaviour of professionals and patients. P3C can be defined as: ‘care and support that is guided by and organized effectively around the needs and preferences of individuals’. Despite the vast array of PRMS available, remarkably few tools have been designed that efficiently probe the core domains of P3C. This paper presents the psychometric properties of a newly developed PREM to evaluate P3C from a patient perspective. Methods A customized EMIS search was conducted at 72 GP practices across the South West (Somerset, Devon and Cornwall) to identify 100 patients with 1 or more LTCs, and are frequent users of primary healthcare services. Partial Credit Rasch Modelling was conducted to identify dimensionality and internal consistency. Ecological validity and sensitivity to change were assessed as part of intervention designed to improve P3C in adults with multiple long-term conditions; comparisons were drawn between the P3CEQ and qualitative data. Results Response rate for the P3CEQ was 32.82%. A two-factor model was identified. Rasch analysis confirmed unidimensionality of each factor (using infit MSQ values between 0.5 and 1.5). High internal consistency was established for both factors; For the Person-centred scale Cronbach’s Alpha = 0.829, Person separation = 0.756 and for the coordination scale Cronbach’s alpha = 0.783, person separation = 0.672. Conclusions The P3CEQ is a valid and reliable measure of P3C. The P3C is considered to have strong face, construct and ecological validity, with demonstrable sensitivity to change in a primary healthcare intervention.
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