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dc.contributor.authorAzize, PMen
dc.contributor.authorEndacott, Ren
dc.contributor.authorCattani, Aen
dc.contributor.authorHumphreys, Aen
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-20T11:35:20Z
dc.date.available2018-11-20T11:35:20Z
dc.date.issued2014-06en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/12841
dc.description.abstract

Pain-measurement tools are often criticized for not addressing the influence of culture and ethnicity on pain. This study examined how children who speak English as a primary or additional language discuss pain. Two methods were used in six focus group interviews with 34 children aged 4-7 years: (i) use of drawings from the Pediatric Pain Inventory to capture the language used by children to describe pain; and (ii) observation of the children's placing of pain drawings on red/amber/green paper to denote perceived severity of pain. The findings demonstrated that children with English as an additional language used less elaborate language when talking about pain, but tended to talk about the pictures prior to deciding where they should be placed. For these children, there was a positive significant relationship between language, age, and length of stay in the UK. The children's placement of pain drawings varied according to language background, sex, and age. The findings emphasize the need for sufficient time to assess pain adequately in children who do not speak English as a first language.

en
dc.format.extent186 - 192en
dc.languageengen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.subjectEnglish as an additional languageen
dc.subjectPediatric Pain Inventoryen
dc.subjectchildrenen
dc.subjectlanguageen
dc.subjectnarrative analysisen
dc.subjectpainen
dc.subjectpain measurementen
dc.subjectArabsen
dc.subjectAttitude to Healthen
dc.subjectChilden
dc.subjectChild, Preschoolen
dc.subjectCommunication Barriersen
dc.subjectCultural Characteristicsen
dc.subjectEuropean Continental Ancestry Groupen
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectFocus Groupsen
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectLanguageen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectMiddle Easten
dc.subjectPainen
dc.subjectPain Perceptionen
dc.subjectSeverity of Illness Indexen
dc.subjectSex Factorsen
dc.subjectUnited Kingdomen
dc.titleCultural responses to pain in UK children of primary school age: a mixed-methods study.en
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23991687en
plymouth.issue2en
plymouth.volume16en
plymouth.publication-statusPublisheden
plymouth.journalNurs Health Scien
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/nhs.12084en
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health: Medicine, Dentistry and Human Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health: Medicine, Dentistry and Human Sciences/School of Nursing and Midwifery
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health: Medicine, Dentistry and Human Sciences/School of Psychology
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA03 Allied Health Professions, Dentistry, Nursing and Pharmacy
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Institute of Health and Community
dc.publisher.placeAustraliaen
dcterms.dateAccepted2013-06-14en
dc.identifier.eissn1442-2018en
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1111/nhs.12084en
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2014-06en
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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